Eyona > Ezona Mpendulo > 2014 canadian grand prix -izisombululo ezijolise kwintshukumo

2014 canadian grand prix -izisombululo ezijolise kwintshukumo

Ngubani ophumelele ubuntshatsheli be-F1 ka-2014?

-1 2014/





(Ukukhawuleziswa kweMoto) (uMculo oChulumancisayo oMnandi) -amaqela ali-10, abaqhubi abangama-20, iibhiliyoni zeedola ezisemngciphekweni, kangangeminyaka engama-70 ilizwe libukele iFormula 1 ukubona ukuba ngubani oyena ubalaseleyo, intshatsheli yehlabathi. Umqhubi, ogama lakhe kunye nobuzwe ziya kungena kwimbali. Abaqhubi abavela kumazwe angama-40 baye babaleka kwiFomula 1, kodwa ngaphezulu kwesiqingatha seentshatsheli zivela kumazwe amane kuphela kwaye abanakuba ngabokuqala abane abathi beze engqondweni.

Zeziphi ezo? Iintshatsheli? Kwaye kwenzeka njani ukuba ilizwe elinabemi abalingane noMzantsi Carolina libe nelinye lamarekhodi obuntshatsheli kwimotorsport yamanye amazwe? Ewe kuya kufuneka uhlale ukuze ufumanise, le yi Wheelhouse. (umculo onesingqisho somculo) IFomula yokuqala luluhlu lwamanye amazwe. Ukusukela oko kwaqala ngo-1950, bekukho amaqela avela kumazwe angama-26, imidyarho kumazwe angama-33 kunye nabaqhubi abangama-767 abasuka kumazwe ahlukeneyo angama-40.

Kodwa phakathi kwabo bonke aba baqhubi zazingama-33 kuphela iintshatsheli zehlabathi. Zivela phi iintshatsheli? Iintshatsheli zivela kuphela kumazwe avelisa abaqhubi abaninzi? Ewe, makhe sijonge apho kuqala. (Igubu) Malunga ne-65% yabo bonke abaqhubi beF1 bavela kumazwe amane nje; I-Itali, i-US, iFrance ne-UK.

thenga iibhayisikile ezintsha



Akusiyo mfihlo ukuba kutheni la mazwe mane evelise abakhuphisana abaninzi beF1. Thatha i-Itali. Likhaya kuFerrari, iqela elingazange liphoswe lixesha leFomula 1 kwaye liphumelele ubuntshatsheli bezakhi amaxesha ali-15 kwirekhodi.

Ikhaya leesekethe zeF1 ezinje ngeMonza, Imola kunye neMugello. Phantse i-100 F1 yabaqhubi yayingamaTaliyane. Zingaphi iintshatsheli zase-Itali ezikhoyo? Zimbini kuphela.

Kwaye ukusukela ngo-1953 akukabikho ntshatsheli yase-Italiya umzuzu

Yeyiphi eyona ndlela icothayo yeF1?



Isiphaluka saseMonaco

Esi siqendu soBunjineli boqobo siziswa kuwe nguSkillshare, ekhaya kwiiklasi ezili-15,000 ezinokukufundisa ngesakhono sobomi esitsha. Abantu bokuqala abangama-400 ababhalisa besebenzisa ikhonkco kwinkcazo baya kufumana isilingo simahla seenyanga ezi-2. Ukusukela ekuzalweni kwabo ngo-1950, iimoto kwiFomula 1 yobuntshatsheli babaleka ngokukhawuleza kwaye ngokukhawuleza.

I-aerodynamics ephezulu, iinjini ezinamandla ngakumbi, kunye nezixhobo ezikhanyayo zonke zincedile ekunciphiseni amaxesha okulandela umkhondo. Isantya esiphakathi seMonaco Grand Prix saphakama ukusuka kwi-104 km / h ngo-1950 ukuya ku-170 ngo-2007, kodwa kwenzeka into engaqhelekanga ngo-2007. Abazange bakhawuleze, ingaphelelanga apho, babehamba kancinci.



Ke kwenzeka ntoni kwaye i-FIA yenze ntoni ngo-2017 ukubuyisela ubuntshatsheli ebomini? Kule minyaka ilishumi idlulileyo kugxilwe kubuntshatsheli beF1. Iindleko ezonyukayo zolu khuphiswano zanyanzela i-FIA ukuba ibeke imithetho ebaleni lokudlala kwaye ithintele amaqela axhaswe ngcono ekuqhubeni amanye amaqela kukhuphiswano. Olu tshintsho kwisimo sengqondo luphawulwa kukumiswa kwe-injini ngo-2007 kunye namanyathelo okonga iindleko athe aqhubeka njengoko kwa-Honda, BMW kunye neToyota kwafuneka barhoxe kwitumente ngenxa yeengxaki zoqoqosho lwehlabathi ngowama-2008.

Imithetho emitsha ibeke ukonga ivili kunye nokusebenza kakuhle kwepetroli ngaphambili kuyilo, oluye lwanyanzela abaqhubi ukuba bazigcine ngakumbi kwiitraki kunye nokusika amaxesha okulandela umkhondo. Nokuba kungenjalo okanye akunjalo ngenxa yolu tshintsho, iFormula One iye yathandwa kancinci kwaye akufuneki silibale ukuba iFormula One lishishini ngokwalo. Ishishini ekufuneka lenze ukuba zombini iinkampani kunye nabalandeli bonwabe.

Ke utshintsho lolawulo lwalo nyaka lujolise ekwenzeni umdlalo ukhawuleze kwaye ubonakale ngakumbi ngethemba lokumisa ukuhla kokuthandwa kweFomula 1 ukubachaphazela njani ukusebenza kwemoto? Olona tshintsho lubonakalayo ngokuthelekiswa neemoto zonyaka zeFomula 1 bububanzi bemoto. Ububanzi beemoto zalo nyaka bonyuke ukusuka kwi-1800 mm ukuya kwi-2000 mm. isahlulo esibalulekileyo solu bubanzi bongezelelweyo sisetyenziselwa amavili abanzi.

Oku kuyonyusa kakhulu indawo yokudibana kwamatayara kunye nomhlaba, oko kuyonyusa ukubamba kwevili. Ukuba ngoku ujonga ii-equations equations, uya kufumanisa ukuba izimele kwendawo. Uxinzelelo luchazwa ngokulula njengokulingana kokungqubana okuphindaphindwe ngokobunzima bemoto.

Ngaba ivili elibanzi liyonyusa njani ukubamba? Isiqwenga esibanzi soqhakamshelwano sichaphazela ukonakala kwethayara, oko kuthetha ukuba ivili elincinci lilahlekelwa yinto yokubamba ngokukhawuleza. Ukuthintela oku, amavili kufuneka enziwe ngezinto ezinzima ezingagugi ngokukhawuleza. Amaqela e-F1 anezixhobo zemozulu ezi-5 ezomileyo abanokukhetha kuzo ngexesha lemijaho, ukusuka kwi-ultra soft ukuya kwanzima.

Izinto ezithambileyo zinokulingana okuphezulu kokungqubana kodwa azihlali ixesha elide. Eyona nto ibalulekileyo, amavili abanzi avumela amavili athambileyo ukuba abambe ixesha elide. Ukuze umqhubi akwazi ukuqhekeza kamva kwaye akhawulezise ngokukhawuleza.

La mathayara abanzi afuna iphiko eliphambili elibanzi kuba eyona njongo yayo ayikokuzenzela amandla, kodwa kukusebenzisa umoya ongenayo ukuze ujikeleze amavili. Amavili angenza ukurhuqa okukhulu kwaye enze isixa esikhulu somoya oshushu onokuthi uthintele umphezulu womoya osemva kwetayara ekusebenzeni ngokufanelekileyo, ke iphiko langaphambili lenzelwe ukuvumela umoya ukuba ujikeleze itayara, elungileyo Ukusetyenziswa kolawulo lokuhamba komoya yile vortex yaziwa ngokuba yi-Y250 vortex. Ngokwemigaqo ye-F1, eli candelo liphambili lephiko langaphambili akufuneki livelise abasebenzi, kodwa linokuba yi-250 mm ukusuka embindini.

I-vortex sisiphumo sokunyanzelwa okwenziwe liphiko langaphambili, KODWA endaweni yesiphumo esingalunganga nje esidala ukubangela ukurhuqa ii-vortices zenziwe ngobunono ukuze zihambise umoya kude namatayara nalapho kufuneka khona. Ukufumana ngakumbi, makhe sijonge ukulinganisa kobunjineli kwaye sithelekise umahluko phakathi kweemoto zika-2016 kunye no-2017. Ezi zinokubonakala zisoyikeka kwiliso elingafundiswanga, kodwa nazi izinto ezibalulekileyo ekufuneka uzazi.

Apha sijonga uxinzelelo lomoya ecaleni kwemoto, apho indawo iboniswa khona. Umbala oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka noluhlaza ungumoya ophantsi, otyheli nobomvu ngumoya ophezulu. Imoto yeF1 ifuna umoya oxineneyo ophantsi kwemoto kunye noxinzelelo oluphezulu kwimoto njengoko oku kudala ukunyanzelwa.

Masikubuyisele oku kulinganisa emgceni kwaye sibone ukuba olu tshintsho luchaphazele njani ukusebenza kwemoto. Apha ungabona i-Y250 vortex eqala ukwenza njengamaqengqelo omoya ukusuka phezulu kwiphiko ukuya ezantsi. Umntu unokubona ngokucacileyo ukuba i-Y250 vortex inkulu kulo nyaka ngenxa yendawo enkulu yephiko kwaye iya isiba nkulu njengoko isihla kwisithuthi njengoko uxinzelelo oluphantsi lwe-vortex lutsala umoya ojikelezileyo kwaye umoya ogqithisileyo usebenzisa umoya omncinci unokuphuma phantsi kweMoto, ebangela ukuba uxinzelelo lomoya lwehle.

Ungayibona apha apha xa kuqala umhlaba. Unokubona i-Y250 vortex isenza i-vortices yoxinzelelo olusezantsi kulo nyaka kwi-bargeboard ehambisa i-vortices kwaye ibancede benze i-vortices entsha yoxinzelelo olufana nolu oluvela kwiphiko elincinci elicocekileyo, ibhayboard ibikulo nyaka uphelileyo Indawo ayivumelekanga ngenxa yokuba lo mmandla wawungumda othintelweyo, okt indawo apho kungangenakubekwa zakhiwo khona. Amaqela afana neMercedes aneebhodibhodi ezimangalisayo eziyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu ngakumbi kunale modeli.

Ukuba siqhubeka siqhuba sinokubona ukuba uhlobo lwango-2017 luluhlaza kakhulu apha kwaye ke lunoxinzelelo oluncinci, oku kudityaniswe nomgangatho obanzi kuvumela imoto ka-2017 ukuba ivelise ukusebenza okungakumbi. Ukuqhubela phambili kwakhona, sifumana esona sizathu siphambili sokwehla koxinzelelo, isasazisi, elo candelo lingasemva emotweni eliye lenyuka ngobude nangobubanzi. I-diffuser ngokuyintloko ingumbhobho wokuphuma komoya phantsi kwemoto, kunye nokuvula okukhulu kunyanzela umoya ophuma phantsi kwemoto ukwandisa nokukhawulezisa ukuzalisa indawo, oku kubangela ukuba uxinzelelo lomoya lwehle nangakumbi, njengoko umgaqo kaBernoulli usixelela ukuba ukwanda kwesantya solwelo kungqinelana nokwehla koxinzelelo lomoya.

Isasazisi sinikezela ngokunyanzelwa okukhulu ngokuxhathisa komoya kancinci. Okufanayo akusebenzi kwiphiko elingasemva, elalibekwe phezulu ngaphezulu kwemoto ngo-2016 kwaye lenza uninzi lokutsala okongeziweyo. Iphiko langemva lehlisiwe ngo-2017, ukunciphisa impembelelo yalo ekurhuqeni njengoko ibekwe emoyeni esele ichaphazelekile kulwakhiwo oluphezulu.

Eli ibililinge lokugcina isantya esiphezulu semoto, njengoko ukutsala kunyuke ngokumangalisayo njengoko imoto isiba banzi. Ukulwa noku, amaqela anikwa ii-kilogram ezi-5 ezongezelelweyo zepetroli. Ngexesha le-2017 phakathi, sinokubona ifuthe lolu tshintsho kwiF1.

Ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo, sinezinye zeemoto ezintle u-F1 azibonileyo ixesha elide kwaye bayazaphula iirekhodi kwakhona ngenxa yokuhanjiswa kwamavili abanzi kunye ne-aerodynamics ephezulu. Isantya esongezelelweyo kwiikona, nangona kunjalo, kuye kwafuneka sincame ezinye zezinto ezigqithileyo njengoko iimoto ezibanzi emva kwazo zenza umoya omdaka ngakumbi, zisenza kube nzima iimoto ngasemva ukuba zanele ngokwaneleyo ezimbombeni. Ngaba olu tshintsho lwenze ukuba iF1 ibenomdla ngakumbi? Ndishiyela kuwe isigqibo.

Uninzi lwenu lundibuza ukuba yeyiphi isoftware endiyisebenzisayo ukubonisa la manqaku nendlela endiwafunde ngayo. Kwinqaku lanamhlanje, ndisebenzise indibaniselwano yeAdobe Emva kweZiphumo kunye neSimScale kwaye ndazifundisa indlela yokusebenzisa zombini ngokujonga amanqaku kwi-Intanethi. Mhle kakhulu kuso nasiphi na isakhono esinokufundiswa kwi-intanethi kwezi ntsuku kwaye iSkillshare yindawo entle yokwenza oko.

Ngezifundo zobungcali neziqondakalayo ezilandela ikharityhulam yokufunda ecacileyo, iSkillshare yindawo ekufundwa kuyo yonjiniyela enezifundo ezili-15,000 + kuyilo lwegraphic, oopopayi, uphuhliso lwewebhu, umculo, ukufota, uyilo lomdlalo wenqaku nokunye. Ngelishwa, abanazo iikhosi zokulinganisa zobunjineli okwangoku, kodwa ngoku ndisebenza ekwenzeni eyam iSkillshare. Ubulungu bePrimiyamu buqala malunga ne- $ 10 ngenyanga yokufikelela ngokungenamda kuzo zonke iikhosi, kodwa abantu bokuqala abangama-500 ukuba babhalise basebenzise eli khonkco baya kufumana uvavanyo lwasimahla lweenyanga ezi-2.

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Ngaba indoda ingakhwela ibhayisekile yendlela yabasetyhini

Yeyiphi eyona F1 Grand Prix yokuya kuyo?

Iseketheukusuka eMonaco isitalatoiseketheibekwe kwizitrato zedolophu yaseMonte Carlo naseLa Condamine ejikeleze izibuko leNqununu yaseMonaco.

Hee bafo, ndibuyele e-DC kuhambo lweshishini kwaye ndicinge ukuba ngelixa ndikule hotele intofontofo kulaa khewuli ijongeke kakhulu, ndiza kube ndithetha ngento endingakhange ndiyikhankanye malunga ne-Oct 21-24, UAustin Texas ukukhuphisana kwi-US Grand Prix eneneni, xa bendiphanda kwaye ndilungiselela iFomula 1 Grand Prix, andibonanga mxholo ungako onokukuxelela ukuba amava anjani kunye nezinto ekufuneka uzilumkele, kwaye Ndifuna ukwabelana ngamava am kwaye ndicinga ukuba ziya kusebenza kuninzi lweGrand Prix kwihlabathi liphela kuba iFormula 1 ibaqhuba ngendlela efanayo. Masiqonde ngqo kwindawo yokuqala, ufuna ukuqiniseka ukuba ufumana itikiti leFomula 1 eyiyo ngaphambi kokuba uxakeke yenye into, uyikholelwe okanye hayi? zithengiswa ngokukhawuleza. Ingcebiso yam kubo bonke abo bangenamava kwiFomula 1, sukukhululwa ngamatikiti, ngamava awodwa kwaye ndingathi ukuba ulapha okokuqala, ufuna ukufumana incasa yayo, yenza ukwamkelwa ngokubanzi kukuvumela ukuba uhambe ujikeleze isekethe ngaphandle kwezihlalo ozinikiweyo kwaye wonwabele umoya kunye namava omthendeleko oyiFomula 1 Grand Prix ngoku enjengaleyo inamava kwiFomula 1 kwaye uziqwalasele abalandeli bokwenyani, ndingathi ufuna ukuqiniseka ukuba ufumana izihlalo ezintle.

Elona candelo lilungileyo malunga namava xa kufikwa kumatikiti ethu yayikukuba sasihleli ekuqaleni / kumgca wokugqibela kwindawo ephambili kwaye simi phambi kweqonga ukuze kungabikho mfuneko yokuba siphelelwe ngumkhondo xa bema kuyo Bazilungiselele ukuwonga abaphumeleleyo kwi-Grand Prix Ukuba unomdla kakhulu kwezemidlalo kwaye uzimisele ukutyala imali engaphezulu kwe- $ 300 ngetikiti ngalinye, yenza uphando ndizama ukunxibelelana nezinye zeendawo eziluncedo ezidweliswe apha ngezantsi, kodwa eyona Injongo yophando lwakho kufuneka ibe kukufumanisa ukuba izihlalo zakho zabelwe phi. Ke jonga izicwangciso zokuhlala kuloo ndlela kwaye uqiniseke ukuba ungade ubukele amanye amanqaku ukubona ukuba umbono uza kuba njani kule yure izayo, into yenombolo 2 kuluhlu lwakho kufanele ukuba ibhekisele kwimihla egqithileyo incoko kunye nencoko yangaphambili malunga nokuthenga amatikiti xa ufumanisa imihla, kuba yonke iveki yeFomula 1 ineentsuku ezintathu, kukho usuku lokuqeqeshwa simahla, kukho usuku lweziqinisekiso kwaye kukho usuku olunye lokwenyani lomdyarho Kwenzeka ngecawe singakhetha zonke iintsuku ezintathu kwaye sithenge amatikiti kuzo zontathu iintsuku zomdyarho kuba kuninzi ekufuneka sikwenze kugqatso lomdyarho kuhlala kunento yokwenza nokuzonwabisa ngamanye amaxesha banamakhonsathi asimahla anjengoAustin, bona JustinTimberlake into ebandakanyiweyo apho amatikiti abandakanyiwe ukusuka kolunye ugqatso ukuya kolunye ke uhlobo lwemisebenzi luyahluka ngoko ke ufuna ukulijonga elinye ixesha kodwa eAustin bekupholile kodwa ngenxa yokuba sinomntwana besingenakuhamba yonke into iintsuku, cinga ukuba urekhoda okubalulekileyo ngoku ewe ukuba lixesha lakho lokuqala ukuthatha usuku kuba beza kusuku lomdyarho kwaye uhambo lwakho kufuneka lubenazo iintsuku ezingaphi ofuna ukuzichitha ngaphambi komdyarho ovela kuwe oyinyani Abathandi bezemidlalo, ndingathi, hlala ubukele kwaye uze kusuku lokuziqhelanisa nolusimahla, ngolwesiHlanu, okanye ukuze ulungele oko kungoMgqibelo, iiseshoni ze-autograph kuphela ukuba bazifaka kwi-prix yakho enkulu ndicinga ukuba kufanelekile ukuba unomdla kwezemidlalo kwaye ucinga ukuba ufuna ukuzuza lukhulu yiza uthathe inxaxheba ngolwesiHlanu ngeMigqibelo kwaye wonwabele ugqatso ngeCawa Masithethe ngoku malunga nento ekufuneka uyiqwalasele xa usete amadinga ngoku unazo engahlawulwayo ukuba ufuna ukuphonononga umcimbi okokuqala, okanye ukuba ungumntu othanda ezemidlalo kwaye ukho yonke imihla, ubuncinci uyazi ukuba zeziphi iintsuku ezizayo ziindiza kuba uyazazi iintsuku kwaye uyandithemba wonke umqhubi wehotele wasekhaya Siyazi ukuba zeziphi iintsuku zale mihla, kungoko ufuna ukuqinisekisa ukuba ucinga ngendawo yokuhlala kunye nenqwelomoya yomoya kwangaphambili xa kufikwa ekukhetheni ihotele okanye inqwelo moya. Ndicinga ukuba awukho umahluko omkhulu phakathi kokuba ngumtshutshisi kwezemidlalo okanye ukufuna ukujoyina okanye ukubona umcimbi okokuqala, bafuna nje ukuqiniseka ukuba ucwangcise kwangaphambili, kunzima kakhulu ukuba ndikunike Naliphi na icebiso ngenxa yalo Kuxhomekeke kwimihla oyikhethileyo kwaye wakuba ukhethe imihla kwaye uyazi ukuba uza kuhamba, uthengile amatikiti, yenza nje ukubhukisha okubophelelayo kwaye ufumane imali yomoya kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo uqiniseke ukuba Khathalela ihotele Ukunyamekela.

Nge-Airbnb phezulu emoyeni, ungoyiki ukubhukisha ihotele kancinci ngaphandle kwedolophu kuba ekupheleni kosuku njengakwimeko yase-Austin Texas indlela eneneni yimizuzu engama-25 ngaphandle kwedolophu kwaye sikhetha ihotele malunga nemizuzu engama-35 ngaphandle? isixeko besisondele kakhulu kwindawo yomdyarho kunombindi wesixeko kwaye sidlale kwixabiso lehotele kunye nento esiyenzileyo siqashe imoto ngaphandle kokuba sisiphaluka sedolophu njengeSingapore iMonaco Baku ndingacebisa ngamandla ukuba siqeshe imoto? kuba ngesiqhelo le mijikelo yomdyarho iphuma edolophini kungoko kufuneka uye khona kwaye undithembe nceda undithembe awufuni kuphithizela ngezithuthi zikawonke-wonke kuba ngekhe ibekhona kangako, ukuqesha imoto kuyakuvumela ukuqesha imoto ukhetha ihotele umgama omde ngaphandle, mhlawumbi ukusondela kancinci kwingoma engaphandle kwedolophu, kodwa kwangaxeshanye kuya kwenza ubomi bakho bube lula ngokuphindwe kalikhulu ngenxa yoko ayihlukanga kangako. Akunyanzelekanga ukuba wenze le okanye oku kulandelayo, inqaku elikhawulezayo malunga no-Austin ngokwakhe ukuba uya e-US. Grand Prix Ukwaqhuba uye kwindawo yokupaka yaseAustinbuy kwimeko yethu ukuba ubuhleli embindini wedolophu. Kwakukho ukhetho lokuthatha ishattle kodwa ishattle ithatha malunga nemizuzu engama-20-25 ukuba akukho zithuthi kwaye ngomhla womdyarho, ndikholelwe, zininzi izithuthi ezinokuthatha ukuya kwiyure enesiqingatha ukuvuka Idolophu efikelela kumdyarho weemoto nje uluma imbumbulu kuba sele uchitha imali eninzi kuyo yonke enye into kwaye ubhatalela ukupaka ungalindi eAustin amatikiti ayemalunga nekhulu leedola kwindawo yokupaka, kodwa kupaka inqwelo-mafutha.

Ke xa kukho izihlobo ezine kwaye ngamnye wenu echitha iidola ezingama-25 ukugubungela indawo yokupaka kwaye enze ubomi bakho bube lula kakhulu kuba ngoku ulawula xa ubuyela ngaphakathi xa uphuma cinga nje ixesha lokuhamba eliya kuba Kuyakhathaza kwaye ngethemba lokuba uyakuqinisekisa ukuba awulibazisanga ke ewe kwaye ndicinga ukuba ingcebiso yam yokugqibela ndiqinisekile ukuba ulindele umsitho wawo kwaye akufuneki uye nje apho ugqatso kuba ndikholelwe uya kuphambana kwaye ulungile ukungena njengoko wonke umntu ezama ukungena kusuku lokuqala lomdyarho wempelasonto olungoLwesihlanu okanye aphume kanye emva komdyarho into eyenziwa ngentsasa yangoMvulo ukuba uyakwazi ukwenza ezinye izinto edolophini ukuba uzenze, Njengakwimeko yethu, eneneni sasinexesha losapho ehotele kuba sahlala ngaphezulu, ndicinga ukuba sisiqingatha, kwaye kwakumangalisa kulungile ukuba yayililinge lokuqala? . U kodwa loo nto indisindile, buyela apha, eneneni banama-24/7 oomatshini bokuthengisa nge-pecan kwinkulungwane yama-21.

Ndicinga ukuba ngala manqaku aphambili endifuna ukukuzisela wona, akukho nto ibaluleke kakhulu okanye iphambeneyo ndicinga ukuba oku kusengqiqweni, kodwa ndikufumene kunzima ukuhamba phakathi kwezixhobo ezahlukeneyo ukuqonda ukuba kuzakwenzeka ntoni ngexesha lomsitho. Ndiyathemba ukuba eli nqaku liza kukunceda ngakumbi ngakumbi ewe wamkelekile ukuba undibuze imibuzo emininzi kwizimvo ezingezantsi undifumane kuTwitter okanye kwi-Instagram wonwabe wenze iholide kuyo sukuza nje kugqatso uze namava kakuhle Ndithini na le nto ibiyindlela entle kakhulu yokuchitha loo ngokuhlwa ndililolo kuhambo lomsebenzi ngoku lo mfo uTohir ndiza kuphumla kuyiveki ende ndijonge phambili ekuhleleni kwaye ndiyathemba ukuba ingxelo kunye nezimvo zakho kule Icandelo leviwe ngezantsi Heyi kukho icandelo lokubeka izimvo kwaye kwenye indawo phaya kukho iqhosha lokurhuma ungalibali njengesiqhelo ukubulela ngokujonga kwakho. Molo kwakhona, le yintsasa emva kokuba ndivukile kusasa namhlanje kwaye ndabona ukuba kutheni ndiceba ukudubula inqaku endilenzileyo apha e-DC ngeempelaveki ye-F1 e-Austin, kodwa ngenxa yesizathu esithile ndiyekile kwaye ndayeka eli nqaku licinga kwaye ndicinge ukuba sele uyazi ukuba yintoni ngenye imini kwixa elizayo endizakuyisebenzisa kwenye into, ndibuyele izolo ndidibanise intloko kwaye ndihlale phantsi ndenze inqaku lindenze ndaziva ndilungile kuba uthixo uziva kamnandi nyani nigqibe into, enkosi bafo, bonani ngokulandelayo

Zingaphi iintlanga ezikhoyo ngo-2014?

Iinkcukacha zazo zonke iigrandi ezili-19 kwixabiso le-Ngo-2014Ifomula 1 ikhalenda

Uluchaza njani uhlanga? Ukuba kuye kwafuneka uchaze ukuba kutheni ukholelwa ukuba uluhlanga olunye kwaye ungomnye umntu ubunokujolisa ngaphandle-ulusu lwakho, iinwele zakho, mhlawumbi nokwakheka komzimba kunye nobuso bakho. Kodwa uninzi lwamaxesha, ezi nqobo zomzimba zithetha izinto ezahlukeneyo ngokuxhomekeke kwinkcubeko okhoyo kuyo. Umzekelo ocacileyo ngumbala wolusu.

Sisebenzisa amagama amhlophe namnyama ukuchaza iintlanga ezimbini, kodwa umahluko kumbala wesikhumba phakathi kwezi ntlanga awucaci. Umlungu ochithe ihlobo elunxwemeni unokufika ekhaya enesikhumba, kodwa i-tan ayitshintshi ubuhlanga bayo. Kwaye abamnyama abanesikhumba esikhanyayo banokuba nolusu olungekho mnyama kakhulu kunelo.

Ngokucacileyo, ubuhlanga bungaphezulu kombala wokoqobo wesikhumba somntu. Ke makhe sithethe ngobuhlanga kwaye kutheni ingumxholo ochukumisa ngaphezulu kwesikhumba ngokunzulu. Ngokufana nesini, ubuhlanga luluhlu olwakhiwe ngokwasentlalweni.

Kule meko, isetyenziselwa ukwahlula abantu ababelana ngeempawu zebhayoloji uluntu luzijonga zibalulekile. Usenokuzibuza, ubuhlanga bungaba bobabini njani bokwakha intlalo kunye nento esekwe kwibhayoloji? Ewe, eyona ndawo iphambili kuloo nkcazo yobuhlanga yinxalenye yokugqibela: Into uluntu olucinga ukuba lubalulekile. Ngokuqinisekileyo, umbala wesikhumba uyahluka kakhulu kwimimandla eyahlukeneyo yehlabathi, kodwa nombala wamehlo, kwaye asibagqali abantu abanamehlo aluhlaza njengobuhlanga obahlukileyo kunabantu abanamehlo ansundu.

Kwaye ngelixa iimpawu zomzimba zihlala zisetyenziselwa ukuchaza okanye ukuchonga ugqatso, azisoloko zisetyenziswa ngokufanayo. Thatha, umzekelo, into eyaziwa ngokuba ngumgaqo 'wedrophu' e-United States, apho nelona nani lincinci lemvelaphi yase-Afrika laseMelika lanele ukwahlula umntu omnyama endaweni yomhlophe. Nangona kunjalo, okuchaseneyo akunjalo - umntu onomzali omnyama kunye nomzali omhlophe phantse akaze athathwe njengomhlophe.

Kwakhona, abantu abavela kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo okanye amaxesha ahlukeneyo achaze amaqela eentlanga ngokwahlukileyo. Namhlanje, abantu baseYurophu abanesikhumba esimhlophe bajongwa 'njengabamhlophe' eUnited States. Ayinamsebenzi nokuba ungowase-Bhritane okanye u-Irish okanye u-Italiyane okanye u-Polish okanye u-Jamani- wena “umhlophe” nje.

Kodwa oko kwakungenjalo kwinkulungwane edlulileyo. Kwinkulungwane yama-20 yokuqala, nabani na owayengenguye umhlophe ongumProtestanti wase-Anglo-Saxon wayegqalwa “njengohlanga” - ke ukuba ungumTaliyane okanye um -Irish, umzekelo, wawungathathwa njengomlungu. Kwangokunjalo, ubuJuda bujongwa njengobuhlanga namhlanje eUnited States.

Kodwa abaseYurophu kunokwenzeka ukuba bacinge ukuba ukuba ngumYuda luhlanga. Oko kubuza umbuzo: yintoni umahluko phakathi kobuhlanga nobuhlanga? Ewe, ubuhlanga ziindidi ezakhiwe ngokwasentlalweni ngokusekwe kwiimpawu zenkcubeko uluntu oluthatha njengolubalulekileyo, endaweni yokungqongqo kweempawu zebhayoloji. Eyona nto ibalulekileyo, iqela lobuhlanga liqela elabelana ngelifa lenkcubeko elifanayo.

Ulwimi, izithethe, inkolo- zonke ezi ziintlobo zenkcubeko ezinokumisela imvelaphi yakho yobuhlanga. Abantu ababini beentlanga ezahlukeneyo banokuba nobuhlanga-kwaye ngokuchaseneyo abantu ababini bohlanga olunye banokuba neentlanga ezahlukeneyo. IsiJapan nesiVietnam zombini zithathwa njengeeAsia, kodwa zinemvelaphi eyahlukeneyo yenkcubeko.

Ngapha koko, igama abantu abaninzi abacinga ukuba libhekisa kubuhlanga - 'iSpanish' - eneneni lubhekisa kubuhlanga. Ukumba nzulu kancinci, masingene kumbhobho wokucinga ukuze ubone umohluko phakathi kwamagama amaSpanish, isiLatino kunye nesiLatin American. Igama elithi 'Hispanic' laqala ukuvela njengoluhlu lobuhlanga kubalo lwabantu base-US ngo-1970, njengendlela yokuchaza abo ilifa labo livela kwilizwe elithetha iSpanish.

Ngaphambili, ubalo lwabantu lwaluchonge aba bantu njengamaSpanish-Amerika- nangona ukulandelela ookhokho babo kubuyela eSpain kuya kuthetha ukubuyela umva kuninzi lwabo, abanye baya kuba bangachanekanga kwaphela. Kodwa kwincoko yemihla ngemihla, uninzi lwabantu abanemvelaphi ethetha iSpanish bahlala behanjiswa kwilizwe labo lokuzalwa, njengeMexico-American okanye iCuba, okanye ngamanye amaxesha ngokubanzi njengeLatin American. Ngaphantsi kweli xesha lokugqibela sikwafumana igama elithi 'Latino' - kunye neLatinx engathathi hlangothi ngokwesini.

Yinguqulelo emfutshane yegama lesiSpanish elithi 'latinoamericano' kwaye ibhekisa kumntu olilifa lakhe livela kwizizwe zaseMelika emazantsi eMelika, kubandakanya iMexico, wonke uMzantsi Melika kunye neCaribbean. Ewe, ayizizo zonke iiHispanics ezingamaLatinos. Umzekelo, ukuba uvela eSpain, ungamaSpanishi kodwa hayi amaLatinos- kwaye ayisiwo onke amaLatinos angamaSpanish athetha isiPhuthukezi, oko kuthetha ukuba abathathelwa ingqalelo njengeSpanishi.

Kodwa nokuba ulisebenzisa liphi igama, iSpanish okanye iLatino, akukho nanye kwezi zinto zahlukileyo esekwe kwinkangeleko yomzimba. Ngokungafaniyo nobuhlanga, obusekwe kwiimpawu ezibonakalayo zomzimba, ubuhlanga t. Kwaye, eneneni, abantu ababini bohlanga olunye banokuba ziintlanga ezahlukileyo ngokupheleleyo.

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Umzekelo, bobabini uCameron Diaz noRosario Dawson bangabantu baseMelika baseCuba, okuthetha ukuba bobabini bangamaSpanishi, kodwa uCameron Diaz umhlophe kwaye uRosario Dawson umnyama. Enkosi kodwa ht Bubble! Nangona ubuhlanga buqhele ukusetyenziswa luluntu ukubhekisa kubantu Ukuququzelela nokusasaza amandla, bobabini ubuhlanga kunye nobuhlanga budlala indima ekuboneni kwabantu kwaye ngenxa yoko kumathuba afumanekayo kubo. Uhlanga lomntu luchaphazela uluhlu olubanzi lweziphumo zentlalo, ukusuka kwimfundo yakhe ukuya kwingeniso yakhe ukuya kumava akhe ngenkqubo yezobulungisa kulwaphulo-mthetho.

Kodwa zeziphi iintlanga okanye ubuhlanga obuthandwayo okanye obuhlelelekileyo buxhomekeke ekubeni sithetha nini kwaye phi. E-UK, umzekelo, kuye kwakho izidubedube ezininzi ngenxa yokufuduka kwabantu abavela eMpuma Yurophu, ngakumbi bevela ePoland. Iziganeko zobundlobongela kunye nobundlobongela kubantu basePoland abafudukayo ziye zanda okoko iBritane ishiye i-European Union.

Kodwa ngelixa amaMpuma Yurophu ethathwa njengabantu abambalwa e-UK, abantu base-US kunokwenzeka ukuba bacinge ukuba abafuduki baseMpuma Yurophu bangabamhlophe kuphela-abathathwa njengembinana. Kwaye kungenxa yokuba into encinci yenza ukuba kube nzima ngakumbi kunokuba unokucinga. Iingcali kwezentlalontle zichaza ubuncinci njengalo naluphi na udidi lwabantu olubonakaliswa ngokwahluka ngokwasemzimbeni nangokwesiko olwahlula luloyise uluntu.

Ngoku qaphela ukuba kukho iinxalenye ezimbini ezibalulekileyo kule nkcazo: Okokuqala, abambalwa babelana ngesazisi esahlukileyo ngokubhekisele kwimpawu zomzimba okanye zenkcubeko. Okwesibini, abambalwa bahlala kwindawo esezantsi eluntwini kwaye banokufikelela okuncinci kuma-levers amandla ezentlalo. Qaphela ukuba le nkcazo ayithethi nto malunga nobukhulu beqela.

Kwizentlalontle, ubungakanani obuhambelana neqela elincinci abubalulekanga. Umzekelo, abasetyhini bathathelwa ingqalelo njengabambalwa nangona besenza malunga neepesenti ezingama-51 zaseUnited States. Kwaye iqela elimbalwa ngokobungakanani lisengaba sisininzi ngokwamandla; Ucalucalulo eMzantsi Afrika ngumzekelo woku.

Ukususela ngo-1948 ukuya ku-1994 iqaqobana labamhlophe lagcina inkqubo yocalucalulo ngokobuhlanga nocalucalulo kubantu abamnyama baseMzantsi Afrika. Okwangoku, abamhlophe abangabemi baseSpain lelona qela likhulu e-United States ngokobungakanani obukhulu, benza i-61% yabantu base-US. Kodwa oko kuyatshintsha ngokukhawuleza.

Ukusukela ngo-2015, bekukho abantwana abaninzi abazelwe ngombala kunabo bangengabo abamhlophe abaseSpain. Kwaye amazwe amahlanu sele engamazwe amancinci: California, Texas, New Mexico, Nevada naseHawaii. Ilizwe okanye ilizwe linokuba sisininzi esincinci njani? Ngaba ayizikhanyeli? Ewe, enye into, nokuba abantu baseMerika baseMelika abamhlophe abangahlali ngaphezu kwesiqingatha selizwe, banokuthi bahlale beqela elikhulu kunalo naluphi na olunye uhlanga.

Kodwa kananjalo, ukuba bambalwa kwimeko yezentlalo yelizwi, iqela kufuneka libe kwimeko yokuhleleleka. Kwaye, njengoko besikhe saxoxa kaninzi ngaphambili, abantu baseMelika abamhlophe abangabemi baseSpain bathanda ukuba nemivuzo ephezulu, bahlala kwiindawo ezingcono, kwaye kunokwenzeka ukuba babe nemisebenzi ehloniphekileyo kunye nemfundo engcono kunobuhlanga nohlanga oluncinci. Ngaphambi kokuba senze uthelekiso phakathi kweentlanga ezahlukeneyo eUnited States, nangona kunjalo, kufuneka sithethe ngeentlanga ezenza iUnited States.

Ubalo luka-U. S. lusebenzisa iindidi ezintandathu ezahlukeneyo zobuhlanga xa kuqokelelwa idatha malunga nabemi beli.

U-White ubhekisa kuye nabani na oxela imvelaphi yakhe njengeyaseYurophu, eMbindi Mpuma, okanye eMntla Afrika. Ke amaIreland, amaJamani, amaTaliyane, amaLebhanon, amaIran, amaMoroccans - zonke izizwe eziwela phantsi kwesihloko ziyazi. Ewe uvile kakuhle.

Abantu abanemvelaphi yoMbindi Mpuma bahlelwa njengabamhlophe ngokobalo lwabantu, nangona bahlala bengaphathwa ngokungathi bebemhlophe. Ngoba? Ewe, into eyaziwa ngoku 'emhlophe' ivela kwigama elisetyenziselwa ukubhekisa kubantu bohlanga lwama-Indo-Yurophu: ugqatso 'lweCaucasian'. Igama elithi Caucasian laqala ukubhekisa kwiiNtaba zeCaucasus ezinqumle ilizwe langoku iRussia, iGeorgia, iArmenia neAzerbaijan.

Ngelo xesha, xa ubuhlanga buqondwa njengezinto eziphilayo, wonke umntu ovela eYurophu ukuya eIndiya waphoswa kwiqela 'laseCaucasian' njengabamhlophe namhlanje, kodwa namaqela athinjelwe ngoku abizwa ngokuba ngabaseAsia, njengamaIndiya okanye amaPakistan. Ngoku, uninzi lwabantu baseMelika baseSpain babalwa njengabamhlophe kubalo lwabantu. 'I-Hispanic' ithathwa njengobuhlanga, hayi ubuhlanga, ngeenjongo zobalo bantu, ke kubalo luka-2010, ama-52% abantu baseMelika baseMelika bazichaza njengabamhlophe, ngelixa i-36.7% yazichaza 'njengolunye uhlanga' kwaye iipesenti ezincinci zazichaza njengelinye amanye amaqela obuhlanga achongiwe.

Abantu abaNtsundu okanye ama-Afrika aseMelika lelona qela lesibini ngobukhulu e-United States kwaye bachazwa njengamalifa e-Afrika, kubandakanya ne-Afro-Caribbean. Ngenxa yokuba ookhokho abaninzi base-Afrika baseMelika baziswa e-United States njengamakhoboka, ilizwe ababevela kulo ookhokho babo alaziwa. Kude kube namhla, intsalela yobukhoboka kunye neenkqubo zokutyala ezantsi zingabonakala kulwabiwo lwendawo yabantu abamnyama baseMelika kwilizwe liphela.

Nangona uninzi lwabantu abamnyama baseMelika bafudukela kwizixeko ezisemantla ngexesha lokufuduka okukhulu kwenkulungwane yama-20, uninzi lwahlala emazantsi, kwinto eyabizwa ngokuba yiBlack Belt yaseMelika. Udidi lwesithathu lobuhlanga olusetyenziswe kubalo bantu 'ngamaNdiya aseMelika okanye amaMelika aseMelika,' ebhekisa kuye nakubani na ovela kwimvelaphi yemveli okanye engabamelwane baseMelika naseAlaska. Nangona bekukho izigidi zabantu baseMelika xa abemi baseYurophu befika ngenkulungwane ye-15, ngoku balawula kuphela iipesenti ezi-2 zelizwe, benza i-0.2% kuphela yabemi base-US, kwaye bahlala behlelelekile kakhulu kwimfundo nakwingeniso.

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Udidi lwesine lobalo lwabantu, i-Asiya, lubhekisa kwimvelaphi ye-Mpuma ye-Asia, mpuma ye-Asiya, okanye i-Indian subcontinent, kubandakanya i-China, i-India, i-Japan, i-Pakistan, i-Philippines kunye ne-Vietnam. Elona qelana likhulu labantu baseMelika baseAsia ngabo banemvelaphi yaseTshayina, abenza isuntswana elingaphantsi ¼ labemi baseAsia baseMelika. Udidi lwesihlanu lobalo ngabantu baseHawaii nabaseSiqithi sePacific, esithetha ngabantu abavela eHawaii, eGuam, eSamoa, okanye kwezinye iziqithi zePasifiki.

Njengoko benditshilo ngaphambilana, iHawaii lelinye lamazwe apho uhlanga oluncinci lolona luhlanga lukarhulumente-kwaye eneneni, kuphela kwelizwe elihlala lincinci. Icandelo lokugqibela lobalo bantu lixesha elihlangeneyo 'lolunye uhlanga'. Usenokukhumbula ukuba malunga nesinye kwisithathu samaMelika aseSpain awela kweli qela; ukuba umntu udwelisa ilizwe lemvelaphi uluhlu olungahambelaniyo nakwezinye iindidi, bayabambeka kweli qela.

Unokucinga ukuba la macandelo awajongi njengamaqela obuhlanga ocinga ngawo. Kwaye kulungile! Ngandlela zonke, indlela urhulumente achaza ngayo ubuhlanga iya kuqhubeka itshintsha, ukubandakanya umbono wethu oguqukayo woluntu ngobuhlanga kunye nobuhlanga. Kwaye kuyo yonke into esithethe ngayo namhlanje, kufanele ukuba kucace ukuba ubuhlanga abulungiswanga, iindidi ezingaguqukiyo- zichazwe luluntu lobuhlanga.

Sixoxe ngendlela iinkcazo zobuhlanga nezobuzwe ezitshintshe ngayo ngokuhamba kwexesha nakwiindawo ezahlukeneyo Siphinde saxoxa ngemigqaliselo yabantu abambalwa kunye nenani elincinci. Kwaye ekugqibeleni saxoxa ngendlela iintlanga ezichazwa ngayo eUnited States. Inkqubo yoLwaphulo-mthetho lwezoLuntu ifotwa kwiDkt.

I-Cheryl C. Kinney Studio eMissoula, MT kwaye yenziwa ngoncedo lwabo bonke aba bantu bathandekayo. Iqela lethu loopopayi yiCafe Cafe kunye neCrash Course eyenziweyo ngeAdobe yokuQamba kwamafu.

Ukuba ufuna ukunika i-Crash Course simahla kuye wonke umntu ngonaphakade, unokulixhasa uthotho lwePatreon, iqonga lokubuyiselwa kwemali elikwenza ukuba uxhase umxholo owuthandayo. Enkosi kakhulu kubo bonke abathengi bethu abenze iKhosi yokuNgqubana inokwenzeka ngokuqhubeka kwayo.

Ngubani oqhube uFerrari ngo-2014?

UFernando AlonsoUFerrari

Kwakhona uFernando Alonso uchithe ixesha lakhe lokurhuqa umgangathoUFerrariUkunyusa igridi, kodwa unokufumana amanqaku amabini kuphela eqongeniNgo-2014. Kubonakalise ukuba kwanele ukumnyanzela ukuba aphume eMaranello kwisizini ezayo.

Ngaba iMonaco yeyona track imbi?

Kwaye ayothusi yokwenene ukubonaMonakhoemazantsi oluhlu. InqununuiseketheUnomndilili wokufumana i-12 kugqatso ngalunye, xa kuthelekiswa ne-32 ye-Spa, 34 ye-Interlagos kunye ne-52 ye-Shanghai.

Zithini iitayile zomqhubi zeF1?

Ukuba siyathethaF1ke uninziabaqhubikhetha i-Spa, i-Suzuka kunye ne-Silverstone njengezona zintathu eziphezulu. I-Turkey yayinguintandokazi, ngakumbi ithuba elide kakhulu eli-8, kodwa alisekho kwikhalenda.

Yeyiphi eyonaGrand Prix ibiza ixabiso eliphantsi?

Inkqubo ye-ngexabiso eliphantsiubuhlanga babahlali ukuzezimasebaseJapan, eOstriya naseKhanada, apho itikiti lokungeniswa ngokubanzi leentsuku ezi-3 lixabisa ngaphantsi kwe-3% yomvuzo ophakathi.1 2019.

Yeyiphi iGrand Prix eyona inzima?

Lilonke, ubomi obulahlekileyo babaqhubi abangama-52 kunye nababukeli abangama-35 babhaliwe kwiindonga zaseMonza, elilelona nani likhulu kuzo zonke izinto ezikhoyoF1iingoma. Ikhaya ukuya kwifomula 1's BelgianUmvuzo oMkhului-Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps ithathwa njengenye yeendlela zomceli mngeni embalini.

Ngubani ophumelele iF1 ngo-2013?

Ivettel kaSebastianUyikhusele ngempumelelo iNtshatsheli yakhe yeHlabathi, ephumelela isihloko sakhe sesine silandelelana kwindawo yesine ukuya kugqatso lokugqibela luka-2013.

Eminye Imibuzo Kolu Luhlu

Eyona mpompo ibhayisikile ilungileyo - izisombululo kwiingxaki

Ndingayikhetha njani impompo yebhayisikile? Yiya kwimpompo yomgangatho (okanye imodeli yempompo yomgangatho omdaka) ukwenza ukuba iimpompo zakho zikhawuleze kwaye zikhululeke ngakumbi. Uyakwazi ukutyhala umoya ngakumbi kwitayara ngalo lonke ixesha kunempompo yesandla. Ngokubanzi, iimpompo zonyawo ziya kupompa kuxinzelelo oluphezulu kuneempompo zesandla, zichanekile ngakumbi kwaye zifuna umzamo omncinci wokuzisebenzisa.

Izihlalo zaseRoma - izisombululo eziqinisekileyo

Ngaba amaRoma ayesebenzisa isali? Isali yaseRoma yayisesinye seesali zokuqala ezinqatyisiweyo entshona yayiyilo 'lweempondo ezine', eyaqala ukusetyenziswa ngamaRoma kwangoko ngenkulungwane yokuqala ye-BC. Akukho noyilo lwalunezinto ezivusayo.

I-Puerto rico bug bite - isisombululo esisebenzayo

Zeziphi iibugs ezikulumayo ePuerto Rico? Iincukuthu zesanti, ezikwabizwa ngokuba ziintakumba zesanti kunye neempukane zesanti, ziyathanda ukuluma. Ezi zilumko zijika zibe ngamaqhuma acaphukisayo. Ezi zilwanyana zincinci zimhlophe okanye zibomvu zinokungena emva kweeyure emva kokuba ulunywe. Abagxeki abalambileyo bathanda ukuzonwabisa ngegazi lomntu kusasa nangokuhlwa unyaka wonke. 28 сент. 2020 г.

I-Oxalates kumantongomane - isisombululo

Ngawaphi amandongomane asezantsi kwii-oxalates? Xa kuthelekiswa neeamangile, amandongomane afana neecashews, amandongomane, kunye nama-walnuts anamanqanaba asezantsi ee-oxalates malunga nee-milligram ezingama-30 ngeoyunun. I-ounce enye yethanga kunye nembewu kajongilanga iqulethe ngaphantsi kwe-2 milligrams yee-oxalates. 2020 г.

Ikloko yokulala-sisombulula njani

Yintoni iwotshi yomzimba wam? Yintoni iwotshi yomzimba? 'Iwotshi yebhayiloji yomzimba,' okanye umjikelo weeyure ezingama-24 (isingqisho esijikelezayo), unokuchaphazeleka kukukhanya okanye ubumnyama, onokwenza umzimba ucinge ukuba lixesha lokulala okanye lokuvuka. Iiyure ezingama-24 zolawulo lwewotshi yemisebenzi efana nokulala nokuvuka.