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Ithanga lokuthamba - uthatha njani isigqibo

Yintoni ukujija kwethanga?

Ukubhabha kwamathanga, esiqhele ukubizwa ngokuba sisinqeukuhamba, Yenzeka xa intshukumo yomthambo inciphisa i-engile phakathi kweithangakunye nesinqe. Ngokwahlukileyo, umthambo wolwandiso unyusa i-engile yokuqala yokudibanisa.Ukutshintshakunye nokwandiswa kokuzivocavoca okubandakanya ukudibanisa okufanayo kudla ngokujolisa kwiimisipha ezahlukeneyo.



Nguwuphi umsipha owandisa ithanga eligobileyo?



izihlunu zemisipha

ubhaka webhayisekile

Abantu abadumileyo abanjengoKim Kardashian, JLo kunye no-Queen Bey bonke bangabanini beBigbooty enqwenelekayo. Kukho amakhulu ezicwangciso zokutya kunye neenkqubo zokuzilolonga ngaphandle ukusinceda ukuba sifezekise amaphupha ethu, kodwa zithini izihlunu ezichaphazelekayo ekuchazeni loo tag yexabiso lokwakheka? Yintoni esiza kuyifunda namhlanje xa sithetha ngezihlunu zethanga kunye nethanga. Phambi kokuba siqale, ndifuna ukukunika umbono okhawulezileyo wento esiza kuyigubungela kwisifundo sanamhlanje, izihlunu zenyonga kwaye ezi zinokwahlulwa zibe ngamaqela amabini - izihlunu zangaphambili zenyonga kunye nemisipha yenyonga yangasemva, ekwabizwa ngokuba zii-glutes .

Amagqabantshintshi emva koko ayahlula-hlula abe ziziziba ezingaphezulu kunye nezikhukula ezinzulu. Emva koko makhe siqwalasele izihlunu zethanga, ezinokwahlulahlulwa zibe ngamaqela amathathu-izihlunu zecandelo elingaphandle, izihlunu zecandelo eliphakathi, kunye nezihlunu zecandelo elingasemva elinamagqabantshintshi ezonyango anxulumene nezihlunu zethambo kunye ithanga ukugqiba intetho. Ke, njengoko benditshilo, masiqale ngezihlunu zethambo, ukuqala ngezihlunu zangaphambili zenyonga.



Imisipha yokuqala esiza kuthetha ngayo yile inkulu. Ungayibona imisipha ephambili ye-psoas ukusuka kumbono wangaphandle kunye nokuqaqanjiswa eluhlaza. I-psoas muscle enkulu ivela kwimizimba ye-T12 ukuya kwi-L4 vertebrae kunye neenkqubo zeendleko ze-L1 ukuya kwi-L5 vertebrae.

Ukuqhubela phambili ecaleni kwesinye isisipha esaziwa ngokuba yi-iliacus muscle. Imisipha ye-iliacus ivela kwi-iliac fossa. Okuthakazelisayo kukuba, i-psoas enkulu kunye ne-iliacus zihlala zihluke njengesihlunu esinye, kwaye oku kubizwa ngokuba yi-iliopsoas muscle.

Kwaye njengoko ndibonisile, ezi zihlunu zinamanqaku ahlukeneyo emvelaphi, kodwa ziyahlangana ukuze zingene phantsi kwe-inguinal ligament kunye nommandla wethanga oza kufakwa kwi-trochanter encinci ye-femur. Ngoku sihlunu sokugqibela sethanga langaphambili. I-psoas muscle encinci iyaxoxwa.



Kwaye njengoko ubona, esi sisihlunu esincinci esihamba ngaphezulu kwepsoas enkulu. Kwaye le misipha ngamanye amaxesha ayikhankanywa kuba ihlala ingekho. Phantse amashumi amane ukuya kumashumi asixhenxe eepesenti yabantu abanale misipha.

Ngaphambi kokuba singene kwimisipha yommandla ozukileyo, makhe ndikuxelele kancinci malunga nezihlunu zangaphambili zenyonga. Ke iliopsoas yeyona nto ibhetyebhetyebhetye ethangeni kwindibaniselwano yehip, yiyo intshukumo esinokuyibona kulo mfanekiso ulandelayo, kwaye ukuze yenze imisebenzi yayo izihlunu kufuneka zingafakwanga. I-iliacus ayinakunyanzeliswa yimbilini yesifazane, i-psoas enkulu ayinakunyulwa yi-femal nererve kunye ne-lumbar plexus, kunye ne-psoas encinci, ukuba ikhona, kuphela i-plexus ye-lumbar ingenakulungiswa.

I-iliopsoas ibonelelwa ngegazi ngumthambo we-iliolumbar kunye ne-circumflex ye-medial femiltery. Kulungile, ngoku lixesha lokuba ujonge izihlunu zommandla we-gluteus, ukuqala ngee-glute eziphezulu. Ngaphambi kokuba siqale, masitshintshe umbono wethu ukuze sikwazi ukubona inyonga kunye namathanga ngasemva.



Ke zine izihlunu ezinobungangamsha, kwaye eyokuqala esiza kuthetha ngayo yi-gluteus maximusim. Yeyona idume kwezihlunu ezinobuqaqawuli njengoko sisihlunu esichaza ixhoba, ndithetha iimpundu, kwaye sesinye sezihlunu esasizisebenzisa xa sisenza i-twerking. I-gluteus maximus ivela kumphezulu wethambo le-iliac ngasemva ukuya kwi-glutealline yasemva kunye nomgangatho ongaphantsi ongaphantsi we-sacrum kunye necoccyx.

Emva koko ifaka kwi-gluteal tuberosity ye-femur kunye ne-iliotibial band. Xa sisusa i-gluteus maximus, sibona umsipha olandelayo ukuba sibona imisipha ye-medius, kwaye i-gluteus medius ivela kwindawo egudileyo ye-ilium kwaye izifaka kwi-trochanter enkulu. Ukujula kwimisipha ye-gluteus medius sifumana i-gluteus minimus, kwaye i-gluteus minimus iphinda ivele kwindawo egudileyo yethambo le-iliac kwaye ingena kwi-trochanter enkulu ye-femur.

Imisipha yesine kunye neyokugqibela ebonakalayo yokuqaqamba kwesi sihlunu saziwa njenge-tensor fasciae latae, kwaye esi sihlunu sisuka kwimvelaphi yaso kumphambili wangaphandle we-iliac ukufakwa kwibhanti ye-iliotibial. Ke, ndiye ndaqonda ukuba kujongeka ngathi esi sihlunu siza kuphelela emoyeni omncinci apha, ke manditshintshe imifanekiso ndikubonise ibhendi ye-aliotibial. Ibhendi ye-iliotibial sisicu somzimba esiqhagamsheleneyo esidibanisa i-tensor fascia latae kunye ne-gluteus maximus kwi-shin yomlenze.

Kulungile, masithethe kancinci malunga nomsebenzi, ukugcinwa, kunye nokunikezelwa kwegazi kwezihlunu ezingaphezulu. Ezi zihlunu zinoxanduva lokwandisa, ukuthimba kunye nokujikeleza kwethanga kwindibaniselwano ye-hip kwaye zikwanceda ukuzinzisa i-pelvis. I-gluteus maximus ayinakuthinteka kwi-gluteus nererve engaphantsi, kwaye ezinye izihlunu ezintathu azigcinwanga yi-gluteus nerve ephezulu, kwaye ezi zihlunu zinikezelwa ngegazi nge-gluteus ephezulu kunye ne-artery gluteal inferior.

Ngoku ekubeni sixoxe ngobuqhophololo obungaphezulu, masikhe sijonge nzulu kwaye sithethe malunga nokuqaqamba okunzulu. Ndithetha ngesihlunu se-piriformis esinokusibona kumbono ongasemva apha, kwaye esi sihlunu sivela kumphezulu we-pelvic we-sacrum kwaye sifaka kwi-trochanter enkulu ye-femur. Ngaphantsi kwepiriformis sinokubona i-obturator internus, kwaye i-obturator internus ivela kwi-membrane ye-obturator kwaye ifaka kwi-trochanter enkulu kunye ne-trochanteric fossa.

Imisipha elandelayo esiza kuthetha ngayo yi-gemellus ephezulu, kwaye esi sihlunu sivela kumqolo we-ischial kwaye sifaka kwi-trochanter enkulu ye-femur; ukuba une-gemellus muscle ephezulu, kufuneka ube ne-gemellus muscle engaphantsi kwaye i-gemellus esezantsi ivela kwisifo se-ischium kwaye usazise kwi-trochanter enkulu. Uya kufumanisa ukuba i-trochanter enkulu yindawo eyaziwayo yokufaka, ke gcina oko engqondweni. Kulungile, ke umsipha wokugqibela kweli qela ubume ngokulingana kwaye ke ubizwa ngokuba yimisipha ye-quadratus femoris.

Esi sihlunu sivela kwisifo se-ischium kwaye sifaka indawo yokuphumla phakathi kwe-intertrochanteric. Ngomsebenzi, ukugcinwa ngaphakathi kunye nokunikezelwa kwegazi kwezi zihlunu, izihlunu ezinobunzulu obunoxanduva linojikelezo lwethanga elihlangeneyo kwilungu le-hip kunye nokugcinwa kwazo kubonelelwa yi-sacral plexus. Kwaye ezi zihlunu zibonelelwa ngegazi yimithambo yeglass ephezulu kunye nemithambo engaphantsi enobukhazikhazi.

Ngaloo nto siyenziwe ngeemisipha zomlenze. Lixesha lokuba udlulele kwimisipha yethanga, ukuqala ngezihlunu zecandelo elingaphandle. Imisipha yokuqala yegumbi esiza kuthetha ngalo sisihlunu se-sartorius, kwaye umsipha we-sartorius ngoyena msipha mde emzimbeni womntu kwaye ususela kwimvelaphi yawo kumqolo ongaphezulu ongaphezulu we-iliac ukuya kufakwa kwawo kumgangatho ophakathi weTibia.

Esi sihlunu sinemisebenzi eliqela kubandakanya ukujija kwethanga namadolo, ukuthimba kunye nokujikeleza okulandelayo kwethanga, kunye nokujikeleza kwamadolo. Kwaye uhleli unqamleze imilenze, njengoko sinokubona kulo mfanekiso mtsha, ibonisa zonke iintshukumo zomsipha weSartorius. Ezantsi eSartorius sineqela lezihlunu ezenza i-quadriceps femoris muscle.

inja ekhwele ibhayisekile

Kwaye esi sihlunu senziwe yimisipha emine-i-rectus femoris, i-vastus lateralis, i-vastus intermedius, kunye ne-vastus medialis. Ezi zihlunu zonke zivela kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zemvelaphi, kodwa zonke zingena kwithenda kwi-quadriceps. Kwaye makhe sijonge kwezi zihlunu ngokwahlukeneyo.

Ukuqhubela phambili phambili yi-rectus femoris, kwaye esi sihlunu sivela kumqolo ongezantsi we-iliac kunye ne-supra sulcus acetabularis. Ukuba sisusa i-rectus femoris sinokubona ngokucacileyo ezinye izihlunu ezintathu, kwaye leyo siyibonayo ngoku icaciswe kuluhlaza yimisipha ye-vastus lateralis. Njengoko igama libonisa, lo msipha ubekwe ecaleni kwaye uvela kwi-Lineaaspera femoris kunye ne-trochanter enkulu.

Ngoku sinokubona enye i-vastus embindini eyaziwa ngokuba yi-vastus intermedius muscle, kwaye esi sihlunu sivela kumngxunya wethanga. Imisipha elandelayo esiza kuthetha ngayo iphakathi, kwaye ke ayothusi into yokuba yaziwa ngokuba sisihlunu esikhulu se-medialis. Kwaye esi sihlunu sivela kwi-linea aspera femoris kunye ne-linea intertrochanterica.

Imisipha yokugqibela yegumbi elingaphandle, endiza kuthi ndikhankanye ngokufutshane, yimisipha ye-articularisgenu, kwaye ilele nzulu kwi-vastus intermedius kwaye ifunyenwe apha. Esi sihlunu sincinci, esicabaleleyo sivela kwi-shaft ye-femal shaft yangaphakathi kwaye sifakwa kwi-capsule edibeneyo yedolo, umsipha wegumbi langaphambili. Ke ezi zihlunu ubukhulu becala ziimisipha zomlenze ezihlangeneyo emadolweni, kodwa zikwanemisebenzi yesibini, eyile, i-sartorius kunye ne-rectus femoris inokutshintsha ithanga kwi-femal nerve kunye negazi lazo elivela kumthambo wobufazi kunye nomthambo onzulu wabasetyhini.

Ke masihambe kancinci ngoku sijonge izihlunu zecandelo eliphakathi kwethanga. Kwaye eyokuqala esiyijongileyo yile sinokuyibona kumbono ongasemva, eso sisisihlunu sangaphandle se-obturator. Esi sihlunu ngoku sivela kwi-obturator foramen kunye ne-membrane ye-obturator kwaye sifaka kwi-trochanteric fossa.

Ngoku masitshintshele kumbono wangaphandle ukuze sithethe ngesihlunu sethu esilandelayo, umsipha wepectineus. Imisipha ye-pectineus ivela kwi-ilientia iliopubica kunye nomgca wepectinal wethambo le-pubic kwaye ifaka kwi-linea aspera femoris kunye nomgca wepectinal we-femur. Eyona ndawo iphakathi y, sinokubona umsipha wegracilis.

I-gracilis iyodwa ngaphandle kweli qela leemisipha zethanga njengoko linamathela kwi-tibia ngelixa ezinye zinamathela kwi-femur, kwaye ngokuchanekileyo ngakumbi, esi sihlunu sivela kwisebe le-pubic esezantsi kwaye sinamathele kumphezulu we-tibia kwi-proximal. Imisipha emine elandelayo inee-adductors egameni labo kwaye ngokudibeneyo kubhekiswa kubo njenge-adductors yethanga. Kwaye eyokuqala esiza kuthetha ngayo sisihlunu se-adductor brevis.

Ke uBrevis uthetha 'mfutshane'. NgesiLatini, kwaye siyabona apha ukuba sisihlunu esifutshane. Esi sihlunu sivela kwithambo le-pubic esezantsi kwaye sinamathele kwi-linea aspera femoris.

Kwaye ukuba une-brevis, kuya kufuneka ubenayo i-longus nayo, kwaye apha sinokubona isihlunu se-adductorlongus. I-adductor longus muscle ivela kwi-pubic symphysis kunye negatsha eliphezulu le-pubic kwaye linamathele kumgca we-aspera femoris. I-adductor elandelayo inkulu kakhulu, yiyo loo nto siyibiza ngokuba yi-adductor magnus, kwaye izihlunu zayo zivela kwisebe eliphantsi le-pubic, i-ramus ye-ischium, kunye ne-tuberosity ye-ischium, kwaye ingena kwi-aspera femoris line kunye isinxibelelanisi tubercle.

Inxalenye ye-adductor magnus esinokuthi siyibone igxininisiwe ngamanye amaxesha iyaziwa njengenye imisipha eyaziwa njenge-adductor minimus. Isihlunu se-adductor minimus sivela kwisebe le-pubic esezantsi kwaye singena kwi-aspera femoris yomgca. Kwaye njenge-trochanter enkulu, umgca we-aspera femoris ukwindawo yokuqala ethandwayo.

Makhe size emsebenzini, ukugcinwa kunye nokubonelelwa ngegazi kwezihlunu zecandelo eliphakathi. Kwaye ezi zihlunu ikakhulu zinoxanduva lokonyusa ithanga kwilungu le-hip, kungoko igama, kodwa ziyakwazi ukutshintsha kwaye zijikeleze ithanga. Ukugcinwa okuphambili kunikezelwa ngumtya we-obturator, kodwa ezinye izihlunu zifumana iifayili ezongezelelweyo kwi-femal nerve kunye ne-tibial ves nerve fibers kwi-femal nerve kunye ne-adductor magnus muscle, efumana iifayili kwi-nerve ye-tibial.

Imisipha yegumbi eliphakathi linikezelwa ngokunzulu ngegazi ngumthambo we-obturator kunye nomthambo wobufazi, iqela lezihlunu zethanga, ezizizihlunu zecandelo elingasemva. Imisipha yegumbi elingasemva ikwabizwa ngokuba yimisipha yomsipha, kwaye eyokuqala esiza kuthetha ngayo zii-biceps femoris kwaye sijonge esi sihlunu kumbono ongasemva; kwaye ivela kwi-ligament ye-sacrotuberous, i-aspera femoris kunye ne-linea isifo se-ischium, esidibanisa nentloko ye-fibula. Ngaphakathi, siyayibona imisipha ye-semitendinosus, kwaye esi sihlunu sivela kwi-ligamentuberous ligament kunye ne-tuberosity ye-ischium kwaye ifaka kwi-tibia ye-proximal medial kwi-tuberosity ye-tibial.

Inzulu kwimisipha ye-semitendinosus sine-semimembranosus muscle e, kwaye esi sihlunu sivela kwisifo se-ischium kwaye sifaka kwi-condyle ye-tibia kunye ne-oblique popliteal ligament. Kulungile, masithathe umzuzu ukuthetha ngomsebenzi, ukugcinwa, kunye nokunikezelwa kwegazi kwezihlunu zecandelo elingasemva. Ezi zihlunu zinoxanduva lokutshintsha umlenze edolweni, kodwa zikwangumthambo wokuxhuma kwethanga kwindibaniselwano ye-hip ngaphandle kwentloko emfutshane ye-biceps femoris.

Ukugcinwa kugcinwa ikakhulu yimithambo-luvo ye-tibial, kodwa kukho umahluko omnye kwisahlulo se-nerve ye-sciatic. Intloko emfutshane ye-biceps femoris ayifakwanga luvo oluqhelekileyo lwe-fibular, ekwahlulahlula i-nerve ye-sciatic. Kunye nokunikezelwa kwegazi kwezihlunu zecandelo elingasemva kunye nomthambo onzulu wobufazi.

Phambi kokuba siqhubele phambili kumanqaku ethu ezonyango, masikhe sithathe umzuzwana ukuzizisa kunye kuba ndiyazi kakuhle ukuba ufuna ukwazi ukuba zeziphi kwezi zihlunu kufuneka uziqeqeshele ukusebenza Fumana iphupha lakho. Ke ii-squats ngumthambo othandwayo osetyenziselwa ukuhambisa imisipha yakho, lawula ukwehla kwakho kwi-squat, emva koko ulungelelanise ithanga lakho kumdibaniso we-hip ukukunyusa. I-quadriceps femoris inoxanduva lokwandisa umlenze edolweni.

Iya kukunceda nawe ukuba uzityhalele phezulu kwindawo ohlala kuyo. Ke, masihambe! Iresiphi efanelekileyo yokujonga okona kulungileyo kwezi jeans zangaphantsi zeapile. Ndimele ndiyikhankanye naleyo.

Ukuba ufuna ukufunda ngakumbi ngayo yonke imisebenzi ebalulekileyo yemisipha nganye apha, thatha ixesha lakho! Jonga uthotho lwethu lwenqaku elimnandi le-3D ekusebenzeni kwemisipha esezantsi, apho unokubukela khona umsipha ngamnye wenza imisebenzi yawo ngokwahlukeneyo kwaye ubone ngamehlo yonke intshukumo ngaphandle kokuphosa nto. Kulungile, ngoku siqhelene nezihlunu zamanqatha kunye nezinqe zethanga, masiqale ngokwasekliniki. I-hamstring etsalwayo kukuxinezeleka kwesinye okanye kwezihlunu ezingasemva kwethanga lakho.

Ukonzakala okuqhelekileyo kwezemidlalo phakathi kwabantu ekufuneka beqale kwaye bayeke rhoqo okanye ukubaleka kakhulu kwaye umzekelo woku ngumdlali webhola ekhatywayo. Ke iimpawu zethambo eliqinileyo okanye elaphukileyo le-hamstring tendon ziintlungu kunye nokudumba ngasemva kwethanga, kwaye ihlala inyangwa ngokuphumla, umkhenkce, uxinzelelo kunye nokuphakama okubizwa ngokuba yiRICE. Amayeza afana ne-ibuprofen anokusetyenziselwa ukunciphisa iintlungu kunye nokudumba.

Nangona kunjalo, unyango lomzimba lunokufuneka ukuba iimpawu ziyaqhubeka. Kwaye umngcipheko wokonzakala kwe-tendon ye-Achilles ungancitshiswa ngokufudumala kunye nokuzolula ngaphambi kokuzilolonga njengoko oku kuyonyusa ukuguquguquka kwemisipha. Kulungile, phambi kokuba sigqibe isifundo sethu, masikhe siphinde sifunde esi sikufundileyo namhlanje, ke masizithathele izihlunu kuqala Sajonga esinqeni emva koko sabona ukuba ezi zihlunu zinokwahlulwa zibe ngamaqela amabini-lawo ancanyathiselwe kwimisipha yenyonga yangaphambili kunye izihlunu zangasemva zangasemva, ezikwabizwa ngokuba zii-glutes.

Siphinde sahlulahlulahlula i-glutes kwi-glutes ephezulu kunye ne-glutes ezinzulu. Kwaye emva koko sajonga kwizihlunu zethanga, esahlulahlula zangamaqela amathathu-izihlunu zecandelo elingaphandle, izihlunu zecandelo eliphakathi, kunye nezihlunu zecandelo elingasemva. Okokugqibela, sigqibe isifundo sethu ngamanye amanqaku ekliniki malunga nemisipha.

Oko kusizisa esiphelweni sesifundo semisipha kunye nethanga. Ndiyathemba ukuba uyonwabele. Enkosi ngokubukela.

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Zeziphi izihlunu ezisi-7 ezichaphazelekayo ekuthambiseni ithanga?

Ngasemvaizihlunu zamathanga

AbathathuizihlunuyangasemvaithangaZaziwa njenge hamstringizihlunu. Bonayandisaiithangaukusuka kwieguqukayoposition KunyeFlexiumlenze.

Kulungile, ndiqaqambise izihlunu zentamo esiza kwazi ngazo. Uninzi lwazo aluyi kuba lukhulu kakhulu xa kuziwa kwizihlomelo, kodwa makhe sijonge ezinye zazo ngokweenkcukacha. Kuqala sinoSplenius.

Ngoku, iSplenius sisisipha esinezinto ezininzi, ezahlukeneyo zeSplenius. Kwaye siya kuyazi kuphela iSplenius njengeqela. Ke apha sathi yiSplenius capitus, kodwa inyani yile yokuba siyindoda nje, uSplenius uzinamathela kwingingqi ye-occiput yokhakhayi kwaye yehla kwaye izinamathele kumathambo omqolo ngokunjalo.

Zininzi, njengoko benditshilo, kukho izihlunu ezihamba ngegama le-splenius, kodwa ungacinga ukuba loluphi uhlobo oluvela kwicala le-fiber, ukuba umzekelo zombini isivumelwano se-splenii ngaxeshanye, uyavuma ukuba uyaphela ngentloko yakho uza kuhamba phezulu? Uyayibona i-splenius ngasemva kwentamo. Sternocleidomastoideum, ngulo mfo ulapha, umsipha othi xa ujika, ubukhali ngokwenene, ungayikhupha loo nto. Iqhotyoshelwe kumphezulu wangaphambili, iqhotyoshelwe kwikhola, kwaye inesisu esiqhotyoshelwe kwi-sternum.

ISterno, isternum. Cleido, ikhola. Mastoid, inkqubo yemastoid.

Oku kuyenza ukuba le misipha ibonakale kakhulu. Ungacinga ukuba ungayincamathisela iminwe yakho kwinto ekuthiwa yeyokuncamathisela uze unciphise iminwe yakho ukuze ubone ukuba loluphi uhlobo lwesenzo osenzayo, ukuzenza zombini ezi zinto zikunika umphumo owahlukileyo, kunokuba ubufanele ukuba unawo. Ewe eli lixesha elihle lokuthetha ngento yokuba izihlunu zikwizibini ezichaseneyo.

Jonga isenzo xa bendinee-sternocleidomastoids ezimbini ezenze isivumelwano nge-splenii zombini. Ngenxa yoko, ezi zibini zezihlunu ezenza izenzo ezichasayo. Kulungile, kukho iqela elingaphezulu apha.

Bastard oyingcwele, kwenzeka ntoni entanyeni yelo nenekazi? Ngokwenene, intamo ende ende. Ilungile. Makhe sithethe ngezihlunu zentamo.

Khumbula, yeyiphi imisipha yentamo esinokuyilindela apha esithethe ngayo kwicandelo elidlulileyo? IPlatysma. I-Platysma yinto ephezulu kakhulu kuyo yonke le mpambano. Ke nantsi i-scoop, nokuba yeyiphi, yintoni? Andazi ukuba kubizwa ntoni.

Kodwa unesihlunu esineentsinga eziya kwelo cala njengebhanti yesilevu, kwaye yile mylohyoid, nantsi imicu yam ibaleka ngokufanayo. Le yile, kwaye inzulu kwi-digastric, enye enye ukuba sifuna ukwazi. I-Digastric sisihlunu esingaqhelekanga.

Ngokwenene unezibini, di, isisu. UGastr uthetha isisu. Ke izisu ezibini ezivela eDigastric, nantsi enye, kwaye sesinye isisu sam.

Kwaye iyehla ize ifane namakhonkco ajikeleze ithambo le-hyoid kwaye isisu sibuyele umva kwaye isisu sisentanyeni yakho, ndiyathetha nakweyiphi na indawo okhoyo, emazantsi omlomo wakho. Kulungile. Banayo i-geniohyoid nayo, geniohyoid.

Jonga ulwalathiso lweefayibha kwi-geniohyoid. Andazi ukuba kutheni usiba lwam lukhulu kangaka. Imicu yeGeniohyoid iya kwelo cala.

Izibonelelo zokulungiselela isidlo

IGenio ithetha isilevu. I-Hyoid ithetha ithambo le-hyoid. Ke i-geniohyoid isuka esilevini iye kwithambo le-hyoid kwaye ukuba uyayinqamlela loo nto, uya konwaba ukuyigcina-uya kunceda uhambise ulwimi lwakho, kwaye uhlafune kwaye uginye ukutya kwakho, kuhle.

Aba bathathu. I-sternohyoid ixhonywe kwithambo le-hyoid kunye ne-sternum. Kwaye nge-sternohyoid ungayibona ngqo ezantsi.

Ngokwenyani sinomzekelo olungileyo wokwenyani waseGeorge, kwaye loo nto yenza into ibe nye ngokuthe ngqo. Umqulu wethu wokugqibela ziimisipha zembambo. Isifuba sisuka apha siye phaya, ongasiboniyo kum ngoku.

Ke makhe sijonge izihlunu zembambo ekufuneka sizazi.

Ngaba ukunyuka kwethanga nethanga kuyafana?

Imigaqo kule set (11)
  • psoas enkulu.uguqukokwaye ujikeleze kamvaithangaesinqeni;uguqukoumboko; kamvauguqukoikholamu ye-vertebral.
  • I-psoas enkulu kunye ne-iliacus.
  • gluteus maximus.
  • gluteus medius.
  • I-tensor fascia latae.
  • Iphecana le-iliotibial.
  • adductor longus.
  • I-adductor magnus.

Yeyiphi eyona misipha inamandla emzimbeni womntu?

Inkqubo ye-isihlunu esomeleleyongokusekwe kubunzima bayo ngumthambisi. Kuko konkeizihlunu zeUmhlathi osebenza kunye ungavala amazinyo ngamandla amakhulu njengeepawundi ezingama-25 (25 kilograms) kwii-incisors okanye iipawundi ezingama-200 (90.7 kilograms) kwimolars.

Luthatha ixesha elingakanani uxinzelelo lwemisipha yeBakala 2 ukunyanga?

IBakala 2: Umonakalo omkhulu ngakumbi nangaphezuluumsiphaImicu ebandakanyekayo. Nangona kunjalo,umsiphaayikophulwanga ngokupheleleyo. Eziukwenzakalabonisa ilahleko enkulu yamandla kunye nentshukumo. Eziukwenzakalainokufuna iinyanga ezimbini ukuya kwezintathu ngaphambi kokubuyela ngokupheleleyo kwiimbaleki.

Ngowuphi umsipha omde emzimbeni?

Inkqubo ye-esona sihlunu sidekwifayile yakhoumzimbayi-sartorius, ende ebhityileyoumsiphaehla ezantsi kubude bethanga eliphezulu, ewela umlenze ukuya ezantsi ngaphakathi kwedolo.

Yintoni eqhelekileyo i-ROM yehip?

I-hip yeROM eqhelekileyongolu hlobo lulandelayo: Ungeniso: i-45 ukuya kwi-0 degrees. Ulwandiso: i-115 ukuya kwi-0 degrees. Ukuxhamla: 0 ukuya kuma-125 degrees.

Uthini umtya ofana nesihlunu esibuthathaka kwithanga?

Isihlunu esinjengomtya esibuthathaka somlenze wethanga; umthungi 'umsipha'.

Yeyiphi eyona misipha yomeleleyo emzimbeni wabasetyhini?

Isibeleko ngueyomeleleyoiqhawe elihle kwiumzimba

Ngobunzima, isibeleko yiisihlunu esomeleleyokwifayile yakhoumzimba.

Zithini izihlunu eziguqula amathanga?

I-flexes kwaye kamva ijikelezisa ithanga esinqeni; i-flexes trunk; kamva iguqula ikholamu ye-vertebral. psoas ezinkulu & amp; Iliacus. basebenzisana- bayaguquka & amp; Jikelezisa amathanga, uguqule umboko, ubambe umva wehip (amanyathelo) gluteus maximus. ukwandiswa kunye nokujikeleza okulandelayo kwi-hip.

Zifumaneka phi iinguqu zemilenze?

Umlenze weFlexors. Masiqale ngeqela lemisipha. Iqela lemisipha lineemisipha ezintathu, zonke ezivelisa ukujikeleza komlenze. Ezi zihlunu zibekwe kwigumbi elingasemva kwethanga, icala langasemva. I-biceps femoris sisihlunu esineentloko ezimbini, kungoko isimaphambili bi.

Kufuneka ndenze ntoni xa ndinentlungu ethangeni lam?

Kukho izinto ezahlukeneyo onokuzenza ukunyanga iintlungu zethanga lakho, kuxhomekeke kwisizathu sentlungu yakho kunye nobunzima bemeko yakho. Ukuzivocavoca kuye kwafakazelwa ukunceda iintlungu zethanga kwimvelaphi ye-musculoskeletal. Ukuba intlungu yakho ivela kumqolo wakho, i-lumbar elula kunye nokuqinisa ukuzivocavoca kungenziwa ukunciphisa uxinzelelo oluvela kwimithambo-luvo yomqolo.

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