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Iirobhothi - isisombululo

Ngaba iibhayisikile zibangela irobhothi?

Ngokuqinisekileyo!UkugcwalaIzixhobo zokuchonga zineendlela ezininzi zoyilo. Ngaphandle kokuba indlela sele ilungisiwe ukusukela oko wafakelwa isixhobo sokukhangela, uya kuba nakho ukubona imilo xa usondela empambanweni yendlela. Ukubekwa kwe-ibhayisekilekubalulekile ukuze ukwazi ukuphumelelaibangelaumtshina.





Ukuba uhlala kwisixeko esikhulu, ndingacinga ukuba lolunye lwezona zinto zixhaphakileyo kuwe: ukugcwala kwabantu. Xa uqhuba esixekweni, uhambo alufane lubengcono kunendawo oya kuyo. Uninzi lwexesha, sifuna nje ukufikelela kule ndawo sikuyo.

Ukugcwala kwabantu akuphazamisi nje kuphela kodwa kukwanemiphumo yokusingqongileyo. Zonke ezi moto zingasebenzi zichaphazela umgangatho womoya. Xa unamathele emva komgca omde weemoto, kulula ukuvumela ingqondo yakho ibhadule malunga nezisombululo kwiingxaki zethu zendlela.

Kodwa ulawulo lwezithuthi kwiindawo ezinabantu abaninzi ezidolophini yingxaki enzima kakhulu ngobuninzi beenjongo kunye nemiceli mngeni engqubanayo. Omnye weyona mingeni iphambili kule mingeni wenzeka kwindawo enqamlezileyo apho ukuhamba kweendlela ezininzi-kubandakanya izithuthi, iibhayisikile kunye nabahambi ngeenyawo- kufuneka bawele ngokukhuselekileyo kwaye, ngethamsanqa, ngokufanelekileyo. Kule minyaka sivelise iindlela ezimbalwa zokuhlangabezana nolu celomngeni lokuba ngubani onokuhamba kwaye ngubani ongalinda, ukusuka kwiimpawu ezilula ukuya kujikelezo, kodwa enye yezona ndlela zixhaphakileyo esilawula ilungelo lendlela ekudibaneni kwirobhothi, ndi IGrady kwaye le yimisebenzi yoLuntu, inqaku lam elimalunga neziseko zophuhliso kunye nehlabathi lomntu elisingqongileyo.



Eli nqaku lixhaswe yi-squarespace, ngakumbi emva koko. Zininzi ii-analogies ezilungileyo phakathi kweedolophu kunye ne-anatomy yabantu, kwaye nezitalato azikho. Iindlela ezinkulu, njenge-aorta, zinomthamo omkhulu kunye nendawo enye ephambili.

Iindlela ezincinci zokuqokelela zifana nee-capillaries ezingenamandla amakhulu, kodwa unxibelelwano kumntu ngamnye ophakathi ziindlela ezichaziweyo ezifanelekileyo, unxibelelwano olunobunzima obuphakathi phakathi kwamaziko asezidolophini. Endaweni yeerampu, ukugqitha kunye neendlela zokungena ukulawula ukuhamba kwetrafikhi, iindlela ezihamba ngeendlela zisebenzisa iindlela ezinqumlanayo kumgangatho womhlaba apho kungagqitha kuphela ukuhamba kwetrafikhi ngaxeshanye. Oku sikubiza ngokuba 'kukuphazamiseka ukuhamba kwezithuthi' ngenxa yezizathu ezicacileyo.

Kwiimeko ezininzi ezi ntlangano zinqamlezileyo zezona zendlela ziphakamileyo zendlela okanye ukunyuka kwesantya akunampembelelo kubungakanani bendlela. Ekuphela kwendlela yokwandisa inani lezithuthi ezihamba ngokukhuselekileyo ukusuka ku-A ukuya ku-B kukwenza ukuba indlela ekudibana kuyo isebenze ngakumbi, kwaye kuko ke ekudibaneni apho uninzi lweengozi zenzeka khona. Ngezi zizathu, iinjineli zendlela zibeke ingcinga kunye nohlalutyo oluninzi ekwenzeni iindlela ezinqumlayo zikhuseleke kwaye zisebenze kangangoko.



Ukulawula ukuhamba kwetrafiki kunqamlezo, okwaziwa nangokunika ilungelo lendlela, ngumceli mngeni omkhulu kwaye phantse uhlala ufuna ulungelelwaniso phakathi kwezinto ezininzi eziphikisanayo, kubandakanya indawo, indleko, isantya sokuhamba, ixesha lokujikeleza, ukubonakala, iintlobo zezithuthi kunye nevolumu, nezinto zabantu ezinje ngemikhwa, okulindelweyo, kunye namaxesha okuphendula. Ungenelelo kufuneka lubekwe emgangathweni ngokungqingqwa ukuze xa ufika kwindawo ongaqhelananga nayo, uyakudlala indima yakho kumdaniso olumkileyo nongalawulekiyo wezithuthi nabahambi ngeenyawo abasele beqhelene noko. Ukusuka kwindawo yokujonga, indlela efanelekileyo ayizukubangela nakuphi na ukuphazamiseka kwezithuthi, kodwa awungekhe ube phezulu ezintlanu kwibhloko nganye.

Iimpawu ezilula, kwelinye icala, azibizi kwaye azidingi sithuba songezelelweyo kodwa azikwazi ukuphatha umthamo omkhulu kuba zenza ukuphazamiseka kwisithuthi ngasinye esidlula kwendlela. Uyabona ukuba kutheni iirobhothi zithandwa kangaka. Ayisiyo panacea yazo zonke iingxaki zendlela, kodwa zibonelela ngolungelelwaniso oluhle kakhulu lwezinto ezixoxwe ngaphambili: ixabiso eliphantsi, ukunyathela okuncinci, kunye nokukwazi ukuphatha umthamo omkhulu wezithuthi ngeziphazamiso ezimbalwa.

Ngendlela elula, iirobhothi liqela leerobhothi ezintathu ezijonge kwindlela nganye yendlela. Ukuba irobhothi iluhlaza, loo ndlela inendlela efanelekileyo. Ukuba irobhothi ibomvu, abayenzi.

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Ukukhanya okumthubi kulumkisa ukuba umqondiso sele uza kucima Ukutshintsha okuluhlaza kube bomvu kuya kusebenza, iirobhothi zinokuthatha ubunzima obungenakubalwa ukuze zikwazi ukumelana nazo zonke iimeko ezinokwenzeka. Makhe sijonge kwi-crossbreed eqhelekileyo apha e-US ukubonisa indlela abasebenza ngayo. Ngendlela nganye yokuhlangana, zintathu iindlela izithuthi ezinokuhamba, ezaziwa njengokuhamba: ngasekunene, ngapha nangapha, okanye ngasekhohlo.

Ngasekunene nangaphaya kudla ngokwamaqela njengentshukumo enye, ukwenza iindlela ezinqumlayo zendlela ezine Izithuthi ezisi-8 kunye neentshukumo ezi-4 zabahambi ngeenyawo. Ezi ntshukumo zinokuhlelwa ngokwamaqela ezibane zerobhothi. Umzekelo, ukujika kwekhohlo kwiindlela ezichaseneyo kunokudityaniswa kube kwinqanaba elinye njengoko zinokuhamba ngaxeshanye ngaphandle kwengxabano.

Iinjineli zezothutho zisebenzisa iaringi-kunye-isithintelo somzobo ukubonisa indlela ezahlukileyo zempawu ezivunyelwe ukuba zisebenze. Nanku umzobo wendandatho kunye nomqobo kumzekelo wethu wokuhlangana. Inqanaba lokuqala kukujika ngasekhohlo kwendlela engundoqo, emva koko kudlule izithuthi nabahambi ngeenyawo, 'isithintelo' ukucoca indlela enqumlayo, indlela engenajiko lasekhohlo, ukuhamba kwesithuthi esincinci sendlela kunye nabahamba ngeenyawo kwaye ekugqibeleni enye ' isithintelo ”ngaphambi kokuba umjikelo uqale kwakhona.

Kukho iindidi ezingapheliyo zamalungiselelo esigaba asetyenziswa ziinjineli zendlela ukwenza iakhawunti kulungelelwaniso lwendlela eyahlukeneyo kunye nexabiso lezithuthi zentshukumo nganye. Isigqibo esilula sokusebenzisa ukukhuselwa okanye ukungakhuselekanga ukujika kwesobunxele kufuna uhlalutyo olukhulu kunye nengcinga. Esinye isigqibo esibalulekileyo kukulandelelana kwesigaba ngasinye.

Ngokufanelekileyo, ukukhanya okuluhlaza kufuneka kuthathe ubuncinci ixesha elide ukucoca umgca njengoko ukuxinana kweemoto ngexesha lokukhanya okubomvu. Oku akusoloko kusenzeka, ngakumbi ngexesha leyure engxamisekileyo kwiindlela eziphithizelayo. Kwezi meko, apho unqamlezo luzaliswe khona, irobhothi inokuthi yandiswe kwisigaba ngasinye ukunciphisa indlela yokusondela kunye namaxesha okususa - indlela leyo ayisetyenziswanga ngokupheleleyo.

Ukukhanya okutyheli kufuneka kuhlale ixesha elaneleyo ukuze umqhubi aqonde isilumkiso kwaye aphule kakuhle isithuthi sakhe ukuze sime ngxi. Isibini esinye nge-10 mph okanye i-16 yeekhilomitha ngeyure kumda wesantya ngumgaqo oqhelekileyo wesithupha, kodwa iinjineli zendlela zikwathathela ingqalelo ithambeka lendlela yokuhamba kunye nezinye izinto zalapha ekuqwalaseleni ixesha lokukhanya kwezibane ezimthubi. Kwiindawo ezininzi eMntla Melika, uvumelekile ukuqhuba unqamleza lonke ithuba lokukhanya kwetrafikhi etyheli, okuthetha ukuba kufanele kubekho ixesha apho zonke izigaba zinokukhanya okubomvu ukwenzela ukuba kuvulwe indlela engenayo.

Eli xesha lokuphuma lihlala lijikeleza umzuzwana omnye, kodwa linokwahluka ngokuxhomekeka kwisantya sesantya kunye nobukhulu bendlela onokuthi uhlengahlengiswe phezulu okanye ezantsi. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku sithethe kuphela ngemiqondiso ngokulandelelana kwexesha elimiselweyo, kodwa uninzi lwezibane zendlela kwezi ntsuku zintsonkothile kuneDas. Ukulawulwa kwesiginali okwenziweyo ligama esilisebenzisela imiqondiso efumana igalelo evela ngaphandle kwaye inokusebenzisa olu lwazi ukwenza ides ukwenza izigqibo malunga nexesha lokukhanya kunye nokulandelelana ngexesha lokusebenza.

Ezi ntlobo zemiqondiso zisekwe kwidatha evela kwiinkqubo zokuchongwa kwetrafikhi. Ezi zinto zinokubona zinokuba ziikhamera zamanqaku okanye ii-radars, kodwa ubukhulu becala zizinto ezingena ngaphakathi zokuhamba ngendlela. Ezi zinto ikakhulu zibona izixhobo zentsimbi ezilinganisela ngokulula ukuba akukho lori yemoto okanye hayi. ngamanye amaxesha ukucaphukisa iibhayisikile, izithuthuthu kunye nezithuthuthu ezinokuba zincinci kakhulu ukuba zingaqala umtya.

Nokuba luphi uhlobo lwenzwa, bondla yonke idatha kwikhabhathi yezixhobo ekufuphi. Mhlawumbi ubonile amakhulu ezi khabhathi ngaphandle kokuqonda injongo yazo, kwaye ngaphakathi kwikhabhathi ngumlawuli wesibane sendlela, ngokuyintloko ikhompyuter elula enenkqubo ethile yokujonga ukuba nini kwaye isekwe kulwazi oluvela kubacuphi ixesha elide zonke izibane zendlela. Ulawulo olusebenzayo lunika ukukhanya kwetrafikhi ngakumbi ukubanakho ukujongana nokuhla kweemoto, umzekelo, ukuba indlela ekufuphi ivaliwe kwaye ukugcwala kweemoto kuyaphambukiswa ngophawu olungaqhelekanga kwimfuno ephezulu, kusenokufuneka iphinde yenziwe kwakhona ngaphambi kokuba ivalwe.

Ukukhanya kwetrafikhi exhotyiswe ngenkqubo yolawulo olulawulwayo kuyaqonda nje ukugcwala okongeziweyo kwaye kulungelelanise izigaba zayo ngokufanelekileyo. Kuyafana nakwiminyhadala ekhethekileyo enjengeekhonsathi kunye nemidlalo yezemidlalo ekhokelela kwiishedyuli ezingaqhelekanga kunye nothotho olunzima ngenxa yotshintsho lwamaxesha etrafikhi, njengakwiindawo ezinkulu zabakhenkethi, kunye neenkqubo ezenziweyo zinokukuthintela ukuba ulinde kwiirobhothi ezinde xa kungekho mntu Olunye ulwalathiso oluweliweyo. Okokugqibela, umlawuli osebenzayo unokunceda ngokunika kuqala izithuthi ezingxamisekileyo kunye nokuthuthwa koluntu kunye nezinto ezikhethekileyo, ezinje ngee-infrared okanye ii-acoustic sensors ezinxibelelana ngokuthe ngqo neentlobo ezithile zezithuthi.

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Kodwa ulawulo alusosiphelo sobunzima. Emva kwayo yonke loo nto, isaphatha yonke indawo enqamlezileyo njengeziko elizimeleyo, nangona eneneni yonke imiqondiso iyinxalenye yothungelwano olukhulu lwezithuthi. Kwaye lonke icandelo lomnatha wezithuthi linokuba nefuthe, ngamanye amaxesha libe nefuthe elikhulu kwezinye izinto ezikule nkqubo.

Tak Umzekelo weklasikhi weempawu ezimbini ezisondeleleneyo zilele kwindlela enkulu. Ukuba uphawu olunye luhlaza kodwa olulandelayo alunjalo, iimoto zinokujika umva. Ukuba ubuyela umva ngokwaneleyo, unokujikeleza imijikelezo emininzi kwendlela engenakho ukudlula kude kukhanye emva kwayo.

Ngamava adandathekisayo kuye nakubani na: umqondiso omnye ungaqondanga, kodwa ngokubalulekileyo, unciphisa amandla omqondiso osondeleyo. Isisombululo kule ngxaki kukunxibelelana kwemiqondiso, apho izibane zinokuthathela ingqalelo kungekuphela nje ukugcwala kwetrafikhi elindileyo, kodwa kunye nenqanaba leempawu ezikufutshane. Olu luqwalaselo oluqhelekileyo kwiipaseji ezinde ezinezitrato ezincinci kodwa ezinqamlezileyo.

Iimpawu kuhola wendlela zibekelwe ixesha ukuze iqela elikhulu lezithuthi, ekuthiwa zii-platoon traffic, iinjineli zinokuwela ipaseji ngaphandle kokuphazamiseka. Olu hlobo lokunxibelelanisa imiqondiso lunokunyusa kakhulu umthamo wezithuthi onokuthi udlule kwiindlela ezinqumlanayo, kodwa isebenza kuphela kwiindawo ezolulekileyo ezingenayo eminye imithombo yokuphazamiseka kwezithuthi ezinje ngee-driveways kunye neevenkile. Ukuba uloliwe akakwazi ukubamba kunye, izibonelelo zokulungelelanisa imiqondiso zilahlekile ikakhulu.

Isinyathelo esilandelayo esicacileyo sokusebenza ngokufanelekileyo kukudibanisa uninzi okanye zonke iimpawu ngaphakathi kwenethiwekhi yothutho. Lo ngumsebenzi wobuchwephesha bolawulo lobuchwephesha, okanye i-ASCT. Kwiinkqubo eziguqukayo, lonke ulwazi oluvela kubavavanyi, endaweni yamaqela ezibane, londliwa kwinkqubo esembindini enokuthi isebenzise ii-algorithms eziphambili njengokufunda komatshini ukwandisa ukuhamba kwezithuthi esixekweni.

Ezi ntlobo zeenkqubo zinokunciphisa ngokumangalisayo ukuxinana, kodwa ukuphunyezwa kwazo kwiindawo ezinkulu ezisezidolophini kuyaqala. Njengokuba ii-sensors ziya zisanda kuyo yonke indawo kwaye amandla e-computing esonyuka, ulawulo lwezithuthi lunokuhamba kancinci kodwa ngokuqinisekileyo lunokupheliswa kwiinjineli zoluntu ziye kubaphuhlisi besoftware nakwizazinzulu zedatha. Nangona kunjalo, oko kukwathetha ukuba iinkqubo ze-ASCT zinokuba semngciphekweni ngakumbi kukhuseleko lweengcinga xa zilawula imiqondiso yesixeko siphela.

Kwicala elichasene ngokupheleleyo nokubekwa kwindawo enye, uninzi lukholelwa ekubeni iimoto ezizisebenzelayo lutshintsho olulandelayo kulawulo lwezithuthi. Ukuba sonke isithuthi besinokunxibelelana kwaye silungelelanise sonke esinye isithuthi endleleni, ukuphazamiseka kolawulo lwezithuthi ngaxa lithile kunokuba yinto yakudala. Kodwa musa ukuba nethemba eliphezulu kakhulu.

Kwiingingqi zedolophu, ukuxinana kweemoto ezindleleni zihlala zizilinganisela. Baninzi ngakumbi emsebenzini okanye ekhaya abalinde ukuba i-jam icace ngaphambi kokuba bahambe. Eli bango lifihlakeleyo lithetha ukuba nakuphi na ukwandiswa kwamandla kuya kuzalisa ngokukhawuleza ukugcwala kwabantu, ukubuyisela ukuxinana kwinqanaba elifanayo naphambi kokuba sikuthathe ngoku okanye kwixesha elizayo, ukugcwala kuya kuqhubeka nokuba yenye yemingeni emikhulu kwiindawo zethu ezisezidolophini kwaye iirobhothi ziya kuhlala zisisinye sezisombululo zazo.

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Bamele benze ntoni abakhweli beebhayisikile kwiirobhothi?

Xa ifayile ye-izibanezibomvu: Yima kumgca oqinileyo omhlophe. Ukubaukukhanyaujika nje wabomvu, mamela inyani ebalekayo yomqhubi ogqibe kwelokuba ayifumane. Yiya kwelinye icala xa kukho imfuneko. Xa ifayile ye-izibanekwi-amber: Yima kwindawo yokumisa.

Izibane zendlela zinokubonakala kulula ukuziqonda, kodwa azichazeki kwaye esinye sezizathu ezili-10 zovavanyo lokuqhuba ukusilela. Ukuphatha ngokukhuselekileyo kunye neerobhothi kunzima kunokuba zibukeka kwaye umqhubi ongenamava unokuzifumana ekumeko yakho yokukhohlisa kweli nqaku kwaye azibeke emngciphekweni wengozi yokumisa Siza kukubonisa indlela yokusebenzisa iirobhothi ngokukhuselekileyo ukuze uphephe iingozi ezingeyomfuneko okanye iimvavanyo ziyasilela Phambi kokuba siqale, bhalisa kwisiteshi sethu kwaye ucofe intsimbi ukuze waziswe xa sifaka inqaku elitsha. Sithanda ukufunda amagqabantshintshi akho, nceda uskrolele ezantsi kwaye usazise ukuba ucinga ntoni masiqale ngezinto ezisisiseko ukuba imibala ithini xa sibona isibane esibomvu kufuneka sime kwaye silinde emgceni wokumisa izibane ezibomvu nezimthubi zithetha ukuba kufuneka siqhubeke ukuma kwaye silinde asinakuhamba de ukukhanya okuluhlaza kufike ngokukhawuleza xa sibona irobhothi eluhlaza sinokuhamba xa indlela icacile, xa isibane esimthubi sibonisa ukuba kufuneka sime, ngaphandle kokuba siyekile umgca sele uwele okanye u-Be usondele kakhulu ukuba ukuqala kungadala ingozi.

Izibane zihlala ziguquka kulo mjikelo usetiweyo ukuze sihlale sisazi ukuba ukukhanya kwetrafikhi elandelayo kuya kuba yintoni. Oku kubalulekile kuba kusivumela ukuba silindele kwangaphambili into enokwenzeka kwaye sikulungele ukuma okanye ukuhamba ukuba sibona ukukhanya okumenyezelayo kwindawo ewela abahambi ngenyawo kufuneka sibaphephe bonke abahamba ngeenyawo kwimpambano yendlela, ukuba isibane esimthubi siyadanyaza kwaye akukho bahambi ngenyawo, Singaqhubeka ngononophelo kuba kufuneka sihlale sijonga kude ngaphambili ukuze sikwazi ukubona irobhothi kwangoko kangangoko oku kusivumela elona xesha liphezulu lokufika kwirobhothi ngokukhuselekileyo. Ukuba kukho iindlela ezikhethiweyo kwimpambano, kufuneka singene kwindlela elungileyo ngexesha elilungileyo Sizama ukubona kwangaphambili into enokwenzeka kwaye sizilungiselele ukumisa xa kukho imfuneko, sizibeke kwindawo apho sinyanzelwa ukuba siqhekeze Kunzima, ke kuyingozi xa iirobhothi ziluhlaza okwexeshana, emva koko sinokunciphisa isantya sethu, ukuba irobhothi ayilingwa ukuba inyuse isantya kwaye shh ucime izibane njengoko zinokuthi zibe kwimeko eyingozi .

itywina elingena tyhubhu itywina

Kuya kufuneka sisebenzise iMirror Signal Maneuver MSM yesiqhelo xa sisondela kwirobhothi, njengoko besinokwenza nakuphi na ukudibana. Isibonelelo sokwazi ukuba yintoni esemva kwethu kukuba sinokukhetha uku brake kwangoko ukuba esinye isithuthi sisondele kakhulu kwaye endaweni yoko sinciphise amathuba okuba sibethwe ngasemva sinika ukugcwala kwabantu emva kwethu ixesha elininzi lokusabela kunye namathuba okuskida ukuba indlela Kumtyibilizi irobhothi kule meko. Ukuba kusengqiqweni ukubrake ngobunono ukuya kumisa, sizibophelele ekudluliseni irobhothi, ke kuya kufuneka siqhubeke kunye nonqamlezo lweendlela.

Unqamlezo oluninzi olunokukhanya kwetrafikhi okwesibini kwelinye icala, kodwa ukuba siyakubona oku kubomvu xa sele benqamleza indlela kufuneka siqhubeke siwela xa sinqumle isitopu nalapho kudibana khona ukukhanya kwetrafikhi kufuneka kungahoywa. Itolo kwirobhothi kuthetha ukuba sinokucoca ulwalathiso kwicala ololathe kulo, nokuba isibane esingundoqo asibonisi izibane zefilitha eluhlaza zinokukhomba ngasekhohlo, ekunene okanye ngqo phambili. Akufuneki singene kumgaqo wokuhluza ngaphandle kokuba sifuna ukuya kwicala eliboniswe lutolo kwezinye irobhothi kukho imigca ekhokelayo evumela abakhweli bebhayisikile ukuba bazimise phambi kolunye uhlobo lwezithuthi, ukuba irobhothi ityheli okanye bomvu kufanele yima kumgca wokuqala omhlophe kwaye unqande ukungena kwezo ziphawuliweyo Ukungena kwindawo ebekelwe abagibeli beebhayisikile kuphela, kodwa xa siwele umgca wokuqala omhlophe ngexesha umqondiso uku-Red changes, kufuneka sime kumgca wesibini omhlophe, Nokuba ukule ndawo iphawuliweyo. Kuya kufuneka sinike abakhweli bebhayisikile ixesha kunye nendawo yokuphuma xa irobhothi itshintsha ibe luhlaza.

Nje ukuba sime kurobhothi, sinezinto ezininzi esinokukhetha kuzo ngelixa silindile xa sisazi ukuba siza kumiswa okwexeshana okanye xa sineemoto ezininzi kude neerobhothi en sinokukhetha ukungathathi cala, sibeke ibhuleki yesandla kwaye siphumle okanye upake ukuba ukwisithuthi esizenzekelayo. Ngenye indlela, ukuba siyazi ukuba kuphela ikhefu elifutshane ngaphambi kokuba sihambe, okanye xa siyimoto yokuqala emgceni, sinokufuna ukubeka imoto kwizixhobo ukuze sikulungele ukuqhuba, oku kusisindisa ngokungxama ekukhetheni iminyaka , enokuthi ikhokelele kwimpazamo. Lumka ngakumbi xa ujika ngasekunene xa kunokwenzeka sinike indlela kwizithuthi ezizayo, nangona sinesibane esiluhlaza ukuze singene kwisiphambuka ukukhanya okuluhlaza njengokujika okuqhelekileyo ekunene.

Kwiintlangano-ndlela ngaphandle kwezibane zendlela kufuneka sinike indlela xa kukho imfuneko. Olunye udibaniso lunokuba neempawu ezongezelelweyo ekufuneka zisikhumbuze ukuba senze njalo. Ukuba ngabahambi ngenyawo bawela indlela entsha ngaphambi kokungena kuyo, banokubekwa phambili kuthi kwaye kufuneka bavunyelwe ukuba bagqibe ukuwela indlela entsha Ukuba sifumana irobhothi yethutyana, akukho mzila wokumisa usisigxina esitratweni, endaweni yoko kufuneka sime ngasemva uphawu olubomvu phambi kwerobhothi, ngamanye amaxesha ibekwa kakuhle phambi kweerobhothi, kodwa kufuneka silinde emva kwayo kude kuboniswe irobhothi eluhlaza.

Ke khumbula ukufunda iodolo yeerobhothi, jonga phambili kwaye usebenzise inkqubo yeMSM nje ukuba ubambeke, qhubeka kwaye ulumke ngakumbi xa ujika ngasekunene xa ulifumana eli nqaku linomdla nceda undwendwele itshaneli yethu njengoko kukho ngaphezulu kwe-100 ngaphezulu amanqaku okufundisa ukukunceda ukuphucula ukuqhuba kwakho

Ngaba abakhweli beebhayisikile kufuneka bame kwiirobhothi?

Ubomvuirobhothiisebenza kubo bonke abasebenzisi bendlela.Abahambi ngebhayisikileakufuneki uwele iyekaumgca ukubairobhothizibomvu. Sebenzisa i eyahlukileyoyekaumgca weabakhweli beebhayisikilexa kunokwenzeka.

Kutheni abahamba ngebhayisikile behamba ngezibane ezibomvu?

Ngokuqhelekileyo basuke ekumiseni ngendlela efanelekileyo yokuvumelaabakhweli beebhayisikileukuya phambili kwezona zithuthi. Inqaku kukuba lihlala likhuselekile kwifayile ye-Umqhubi webhayisikile, kwaye ulunge ngakumbi kumqhubi, ukubaabakhweli beebhayisikilefumanaiyahambaxa indlela icacile kodwaizibaneareumnatha.

ukutya okune-thermic

Ngaba iibhayisikile zinokungahoyi izibane ezibomvu?

Eli tyala, likwabizwa ngokuba 'isibane esibomvuukutsiba ', kuyasebenzaabakhweli beebhayisikilengokunjalo nabaqhubi. IZiko labaqhubi beemoto abakwinqanaba eliphambili likwadize kuphando lwabo ukuba ama-57% eabakhweli beebhayisikilevuma ukubalekaizibane ezibomvuNgelixa uphando lwe-YouGov luveze ukuba i-35% yeabakhweli beebhayisikileubuncinci amaxesha ngamaxeshaungazihoyi izibane ezibomvu.

Ngaba imithetho yendlela iyasebenza kubahambi ngebhayisikile?

Inkqubo ye-imigaqo yendlelaihlala injalo nokuba ukhwele aibhayisekile. Xa ujika ngasekhohlo okanye ngasekunene, soloko ujonga emva kwakho ukuze ungeneUkugcwala, emva koko yenza umqondiso phambi kokwenza ithuba.

Ndiyiyekisa njani ibhayisekile yam kwirobhothi ebomvu?

Xa usiya kwiyekaishumi aisibane esibomvu, Qengqeleka nje umcephe kunye nokuvumela uguquko lwehle ngokwaneleyo (hayi kwindawo ekumisa kuyo. Ngoku faka iziqhoboshi, bamba kwaye unciphise amagiya ambalwa, ungqamane neenguqulelo kwaye ukhulule ngaphandle kokubandakanya igiya nganye ephakathi.

Ngaba abakhweli beebhayisikile kufuneka bame kwindawo ekudibana kuyo?

Soloko ukulungele ukunciphisa isantya kwayeyekaukuba kuyafuneka. Thatha unonophelo ecaleni kwendlelaisiphambukanjengokuba unakhounayokunzima ukubona abanye abasebenzisi bendlela, abanokungakuboni. Imizila yokujikeleza. Oku kuphawulwe ngumgca omhlophe (onokwaphulwa) ecaleni kwendlela yokuhamba (jonga uMgaqo 140).

Kutheni le nto iibhayisikile zingazihoyi iimpawu zokumisa?

Abahambi ngebhayisikilekufuneka uthobeleUkugcwalaimithetho, kwaye oko kubandakanyaukumisakukonkemisa iimpawukunye nezibane ezibomvu, nokuba sesinye isithuthingukwimpambano yendlela.Iibhayisikilesukunyangamisa iimpawunjenge sivunoimiqondisokwaye kufuneka ngokupheleleyoyeka. Watsho ezinyeiibhayisekile zihoya imiqondiso yokumisakuba iphazamisa isantya sabo.Ngowama-20 2019.

Ngaba abakhweli beebhayisikile bahlala benelungelo lendlela?

Abahambi ngebhayisikile, Njengabaqhubi bezithuthi,kufaneleungaze unyanzelise ailungelo lendlelaokanye ucinge ukuba abanye abaqhubi baya 'kubuya umva' kwaye benze ngokufanelekileyo. Umbono, ewe, kukuba abaqhubi kunyeabakhweli beebhayisikileSiza kuziphatha ngendlela ephucukileyo omnye komnye xa besabelana ngendlela.

Ungadlula kwirobhothi ngebhayisekile?

Hayi kuba izibane ezibomvu zinokungahoywa kwibhayisikile, nokuba bambalwa abantu abahamba ngebhayisikile beedolophu ezinkulu abacinga ngayo, kodwa ngenxa yokuba ngebhayisekile unokucoca ulwelo. Ngcono nangakumbi, unokuhlala uziphepha iirobhothi ngokupheleleyo ngokuthatha umva ngasemva kunye nokujikeleza umkhondo. Indlela enjalo inokukhawuleza, ungasathethi ke ngokuzola, nokuba ithe ngqo ngqo.

Ngaba kululwaphulo-mthetho ukuwela ilayiti ebomvu ngebhayisikile?

Amatyala okuhamba ngebhayisikile-Ukutsiba kwezibane ezibomvu. Phantsi komThetho weeNdlela eziHamba ngeNdlela ka-1988 isihl. 36 kunye neMiqondiso yeeMpawu zeNdlela kunye neMiyalelo neMiyalelo ka-2002 imimiselo 10 no-36 (1), abasebenzisi bendlela akufuneki bawele umgca wokuma xa iirobhothi zibomvu. Eli tyala, elikwabizwa ngokuba ‘kukutsiba kokukhanya okubomvu’, lisebenza kubahambi ngebhayisikile ngokunjalo nabaqhubi.

Yintoni ekufuneka uyazi malunga nomqondiso webhayisikile?

Uphawu lwebhayisikile sisixhobo solawulo lwezithuthi esisebenza ngombane ekufuneka sisetyenziswe ngokudibeneyo kunye nomqondiso oqhelekileyo wezithuthi okanye ibhakana ye-hybrid.

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