Eyona > Abahambi Ngebhayisikile > Iibhayisikile zaseNtaliyane-izisombululo ezitsha

Iibhayisikile zaseNtaliyane-izisombululo ezitsha

Ngubani oyena mkhweli webhayisikile mkhulu kunabo bonke?

UEddy Merckx





Kule nqaku, siza kuhamba malunga nabanye abagibeli abahamba phambili kwixesha lonke. Abakhweli abanomlinganiselo omkhulu wamandla ukuya kubunzima obulinganise ukunyuka kweentaba ngesantya esimangalisayo. Siphume kwindlela yethu yokwenza uluhlu lwabantu abasixhenxe abakhwela kakhulu ngalo lonke ixesha, kodwa njengoko unokucinga, ukuyinqumla ukuya kwelo nani kunzima kakhulu.

Ngaphambi kokuba siqale, ndinesibhengezo sokuba ndiza kufunda ngokuvakalayo malunga nomdyarho omnandi, unyamezelo olukhethekileyo kunye namandla emidlalo. Ukuba sinamathela kubaqhubi abasixhenxe, abanye abaqhubi abakhulu ngokuqinisekileyo baya kushiywa ngaphandle. Ukongeza, uthelekiso lwenzala yindawo eyakhiwe imigodi.

Akunakwenzeka ukwazi ukuba uChris Froome angaya njani ngokuchasene no-Eddy Merckxor ukuba uPantani Coppi uyekile - igiya itshintshile, umdyarho utshintshile, iindlela zitshintshile kwaye iindawo zihlala zibhetele kuneendlela zegrabile namhlanje ngee-1920. Kwakhona kwisiqwenga esikhulu sembali yezemidlalo akubangakho siyobisi. Nje ukuba isikhanyiso senziwe, masiqale. (umculo omnandi) Inombolo yokuqala kuluhlu lwethu nguMarco Pantani.



Omnye wabakhweli abangaqhelekanga kwisizukulwana sakhe. Ngoku amaTaliyane anelizwi elinyukayo kwaye leyo yiScallatore, elinye igama labakhweli abanjengePantani, yiScutista. Eli ligama labakhweli abanokukhawulezisa baphinde kwakhona nakwimithambeka ephezulu kakhulu kwaye bagqibezele abachasi babo.

Ngoku uPantani wayehlala eyaziwa ngoko nangoko yintloko enenkqayi okanye isikhafu entloko, icici endlebeni kwaye le bhokhwe nembonakalo yakhe zamzisela isiteketiso, el pirata okanye ipirate. Wayesaziwa kakhulu ngohlobo lokunyuka kwakhe, phantse ngalo lonke ixesha ukusuka kwisali kunye nakumaconsi. Kodwa yayingeyiyo inkangeleko yakhe okanye indlela yakhe yokunyuka.

ukuzilolonga kwemihla ngemihla

Eyona nto yayimenza mkhulu kangaka yayikukuba anganyuka iintaba njengomhlakulo. Kobu buchule bamenza ukuba aphumelele impumelelo enqabileyo, iTour de France kunye neGiro d'Italia, ngaxeshanye, emva phayaa ngo-1998. Kunyaka olandelayo, ngo-99, waphinda walawula iGiro d'Italia, waphumelela ukuhlala izihlandlo ezine kwaye wayekhokele ugqatso kodwa kwathi xa ityala lokubulala iziyobisi labuya i-hematocrit yakhe yayiphezulu kakhulu kwaye wagxothwa elugqatsweni uPantani akazange aphinde abe ngumkhweli ofanayo kwaye ngelishwa wabhubha ngo-2004. (umculo omnandi) Kumaxesha anamhlanje, uChris Froom ulawule iGrand Tours.



Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku uphumelele iTour de France amatyeli amane, waphumelela iGiro d'Italia ngo-2018 kwaye waphumelela iVuelta yase-Espana, ngoku kabini. Ngokukhawuleza emva kokuba izinto zinyuka, uChris Froome ubonakala enethuba. KwakuseKenya apho uFroome wafunda khona okokuqala kwitalente yakhe yokunyuka, esithi uchitha ixesha elininzi kwiiNtaba zeNairobi.

Ngamaxesha athile wayemisa inkampu apho. Kodwa ukuzibophelela kwakhe kunye neenkani akubonwa kuphela kwibhayisikile, kodwa nakwicala layo. Kuyabonakala ukuba ngelinye ixesha wasebenzisa iakhawunti yeHotmail yombutho waseKenya we-imeyile ukuthumela imeyile kumbutho wezemidlalo, i-UCI, ebazisa ukuba iKenya izakuthumela iqela labangaphantsi kweminyaka engama-23 kwiNdebe yeHlabathi.

Ngoku ndinokuthi ngokukhuselekileyo ukuba indlela kaFroome yokunyuka kunye nentloko yakhe egobile kunye neengqiniba ezoluliweyo ayisiyonto intle. Oku kuqala kwaziwa eVuelta a España ngo-2011, apho waqala khona wagqiba isibini kodwa kutshanje wanyuselwa waphumelela olo gqatso. Kunyaka olandelayo wanceda uBradley Wiggin ukuba aphumelele isihloko seTour de France sango-2012, egqibile okwesibini kule nkqubo, kodwa ngo-2013 wazenzela igama.



Akazange ayeke ukuphumelela ukhenketho lwase-Oman kwasekuqaleni konyaka. Waye kwiCritérium International, iTour de Rome kwaye wenza iCritérium du Dauphiné kunye neTour de France. Ewe, ukuba uthatha uLance Armstrong kwi-equation, kunyaka olandelayo waba ngumkhweli wokuqala ukukhusela isihloko sakhe ngempumelelo ukusukela oko uMiguel Indurain ngo-1995.

Ukusukela oko waphumelela ukhenketho kabini eFra nce, kwaye kunyaka ophelileyo waba ngumkhweli wokuqala ukubamba zonke izihloko zeGrand Tour ngexesha elinye ukusukela ngoBernardino 1983. (umculo omnandi) ngekhe ube noluhlu lwabantu abonyukayo abakhwela ngaphandle le ndoda uFederico Bahamontes. Waba ngumkhweli wokuqala embalini ukufezekisa i-triplein yomsebenzi, ephumelela uKhuphiswano lweeNtaba kunye nazo zontathu iGrand Tours.

Wayiphumelela iTour de France ngo-1959, ewe waphumelela uKumkani weeNtaba, kwaye eneneni waphumelela ibhaso likaKumkani weeNtaba elingekho ngaphantsi kwesithandathu kwiTour de France kuphela. Wayenegama lesidlaliso, kwaye yayilelo Khozi laseToledo. IToledo yiphondo elincinci kumbindi weSpain apho kuvela khona ukhozi kuba qho xa indlela inyuka inyuka ubhabha njengokhozi.

Kukho ilitye lesikhumbuzo kwiiBahamontes eToledo, ezinikelwe yiFundacion Sulest ukubonisa nokuhlonipha yonke into ayenzileyo ngebhayisekile. Kusaqhubeka ukunyuka unanamhla. Onjani wona umlando wokunyuka. (umculo omnandi) Babini kuphela abakhweli kwimbali yokuhamba ngebhayisikile abaphumeleleyo uKumkani weeNtaba kudidi kuzo zontathu iGrand Tours, ke kuya kwenza ingqiqo enkulu ukuba bobabini balapha.

Inyathelo eliya phambili, uLuis Lucho Herrera. Uye wakwazi ukugqwesa ezinye zegrat zexesha, kubandakanya uSean Kelly, uBernardino kunye noLaurent Fignon. Kwaye ngo-1984 wathatha eyona nto yaphantse yathandwa kakhulu ngebhayisikile yaseColombia, yayiyiTour de France yakhe yokuqala, yayili-17 kwaye yaphelela eAlp d'Huez.

Apho wahlasela kwaye wawisa ezinye zexesha elikhulu. UVignon, u-Ena, noRobert Miller nabo, kwaye ngokusisiseko zange baphinde bambone. Ngo-1987, nangona kunjalo, waqinisa isikhundla sakhe njengendawo eyaziwayo yokunyuka intaba ngokuba ngowokuqala eMzantsi Melika ukuphumelela iTrans Tour eyayiyiVuelta.

Nangona wayenemizuzu emithathu ngokuchasene noSean. UKelly waphulukana nexesha lokulingwa. Nangona kunjalo, nje ukuba indlela inyibilika, ngekhe ajonge ngasemva kwaye ahlasele abachasi bakhe phantse ngalo lonke ithuba, nakwinqanaba le-11 eligqitywe yiLagos de Covadonga.

Apho wahlasela abachasi bakhe kwakhona, waphumelela inqanaba kwaye wathatha ixesha elaneleyo lokuba ngumkhweli wokuqala waseColombia wokukhokela kwiGrand Tour. Kunzima kakhulu ukujonga ukuba kwakubaluleke kangakanani uHerrera kwiibhayisikile zaseColombia. Ngokufanelekileyo, iqela langoku leetalente zokunyuka zaseColombia lilandela indlela awayeyithathile ngoo-1980. (umculo omnandi) Le ndoda inokuba yingxoxo elungileyo yokuba yeyona bhayisekile ihamba phambili eSpain ngalo lonke ixesha, kodwa ayisiyiyo eyokuphumelela iTour de France ngo-1973 okanye iVuelta ka-1970 ethi u-Ocana wenza uluhlu lwethu.

Okungakumbi ngenxa yokuxhaphaza kwakhe xa wayehlasela noJose Manuel Fuente ngaphezulu kweCol du Galibier kunye neCol du Télégraph kwaye bafumana imizuzu esixhenxe kwiintshaba zabo ezinoburhalarhume. Kum, nangona kunjalo, kwakungo-1971 apho wabethelela khona ubume bakhe njengebali lokunyuka. Ekugqibeleni, kwafuneka aphule ijezi emthubi.

Kodwa ukuxhaphaza kwakhe akuzange kuqale kwinqanaba lesibhozo, eligqiba iPuy de Dôme. Apho weva into uninzi lwabanye abaqhubi kunqabile ukuba bayibone, yokuba uEddy Merckx wayesemngciphekweni. Uhlasele waya kwinqanaba lase Windsor, kwaye nangona wayegqibe imizuzwana eli-15 kuphela eMerckx, olo yayiluphawu lwekamva.

Nangona kunjalo, yayikwinqanaba le-11 apho wayibonisa khona iklasi yakhe. Ibanga elifutshane le-134 yeekhilomitha. Ukunyuka kokuqala komhla, nguJoaquim Agostinho.

Ngokumangalisayo, babekwazi ukuwisa uEddy Merckx phantse kwangoko. Kodwa enye i-Ocana yayingonelisekanga koko, yahlasela kwakhona kwaye yaqhuba yodwa iikhilomitha ezingama-60 ukusuka esiphelweni. Ngaphezulu kokunyuka kokugqibela kosuku, ukukhokelela kwakhe kumkhweli olandelayo kwindlela yayiyimizuzu emine kwaye yayintandathu ukugqiba.

Amaxesha amathathu ophumelele iTour de France uLouison Bobet ubanga ukuba ukuxhaphaza kwakhe kweli nqanaba kufanelekile njengalo naluphina uhlaselo oludumileyo lukaFausto Coppi. Lo ukhwela ngokundilisekileyo ngoku. (umculo omnandi) Ngokoluvo lwam, wonke umkhweli ofanelwe igama lesidlaliso 'Ingelosi yeentaba' ufanelwe indawo kolu luhlu.

UCharly Gaul wayengumkhweli webhayisikile waseLuxembourg owayekhwele ezintabeni okokuqala ngqa ngo-1950 kuhambo lwase-Austria. Wayeneminyaka eli-17 kuphela kodwa waphumelela inqanaba kwiGrossglockner uhamba ngenene ngokwesicwangciso, wabayeka uninzi lwabo, kodwa yayingu-1955 xa wabeka ikati phakathi kwamahobe. Wayengemhle efulethini, ngokuyinxenye ngenxa yeqela elihle elingenamandla, kodwa xa waya kwiintaba kunye neAlps ngokwenene wamnceda.

Kwakukho inqanaba elalihamba ngaphaya kweGalibier kunye neCol Du Télégraphe, nalapho waqhuba imizuzu eli-14 kunye nemizuzwana engama-47 kubo bonke abachasi bakhe. Oko kumzise kwi-37 ye-GC ukuya kwindawo yesithathu. Kwaye xa umdyarho wabetha iiPyrenees, waqalisa ukuhlasela kwakhona kwaye waphumelela i-17.

Ophumeleleyo uLouis Bobet. Ezi zinto ziphumeleleyo zamzisela uloyiso olupheleleyo kukhuphiswano lukaKumkani weeNtaba kunye nenyathelo lesithathu eqongeni, kwaye loo nto yayingumzekelo nje omnye wendlela uCharly Gaul angabuya ngayo xa esiya kwiingxelo zeentaba zokunyuka kweMont Ventoux, iyure emibini imizuzu kunye nemizuzwana elithoba, kwaye uthathela ingqalelo umphezulu wawungekho mkhulu ngelo xesha, kuyamangalisa ukuba kwathatha uJonathan Vaughters iminyaka engama-31 ukuba aphule elo xesha Sinomqhubi, ophumelele ukuhlelwa kwentaba kathathu eGira. URosa kwaye uphumelele iGrand Booke kwaye ngoyena msasazi ukhawulezayo we-GCN ngalo lonke ixesha. Ewe ndithetha ngoEmma Pooley.

Ngoku enye yeempumelelo zakhe ezincomekayo zokunyuka kwi-Giro Rosa 2014 yabuya. Kwakukho amanqanaba amathathu aneentaba kulo nyaka, kubandakanya ukufika kweengqungquthela ngokulandelelana kwinqanaba lesibhozo nelesithoba, kwaye uEmma waphumelela onke. Uye waphumelela umceli mngeni waseTaiwan KOM kabini, ophela ngeemitha ezingama-3,275 ngaphezulu kwenqanaba kwinqanaba lokuPasa.

Kwaye ngo-2017 wabeka imizuzu eyi-16 kumlingani wakhe osondeleyo kunye nemizuzu engama-20 kwiSi 'Richardson, nangona oko kungenakukwenza umkhweli omnandi. Umhle ngokwaneleyo ukuba akhwele iibhayisikile naye, uhlala ekhuphisana kwii-triathlons zeentaba kwaye unembali yokuphumelela iAlpe d'Huez umgama omde obalekayo kwaye uyakhuphisana nakwiminyhadala yeentaba. Ewe, njengoko besitshilo kwisikhanyeli ekuqaleni kweli nqaku, kunzima kakhulu ukudibanisa uluhlu lwabasixhenxe abanyukayo ababalaseleyo ngalo lonke ixesha.

Ndiqinisekile ukuba sizishiyile ezinye zezinto ozithandayo kwaye ukuba sifumana ithuba, sazise kwezi zimvo zingezantsi. Kodwa kunzima kakhulu ukuthelekisa abaqhubi abavela kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo. Nangona kunjalo, ngoku sinedatha yeGPS.

Kwiminyaka engama-50 sinokuthi ngokuthelekisa bonke abaqhubi kule minyaka ingama-50 izayo, eya kuba intle. Kulungile, ukuba uyasithanda isitayile sale sweatshi ephefumlelweyo yaseSpain endiyinxibileyo ngoku, ungayilungiselela kwangaphambili ngoku nge-shop.com.aglobalcyclingnetwork.com Kukho ikhonkco kuyo kwinkcazo engezantsi kweli nqaku kwaye ukuba ' Ndingathanda ukufunda ukuba ungayenza njani Ungafunda indlela yokunyuka ngcono kakhulu ngokwakho kuEmma Pooley! Inqaku lakho lilapha ngezantsi.

Ngaba ukuhamba ngebhayisikile kuqhelekile e-Itali?

Ngamafutshane, uEddy Merckx nguyeoyena mntu ukhwele ibhayisikile ngalo lonke ixesha. Le ndoda ibizwa ngokuba yiCannibal ilawula ubungcaliukuhamba ngebhayisikileNjengomnye umntu kwaye uphumelele lonke ugqatso olubalulekileyo kufuneka uphumelele.

(umculo we-Intro): Eli lixesha kwakhona kumjikelo weBiennale, apho iCopenhagenize.eu ibhengeza abaphumeleleyo kunye nabaphulukene nelizwe lokhuselo lweebhayisekile zedolophu kwaye ngeli xesha kukho isimanga. Ngaphambi kokuba siqalise, nangona kunjalo, nceda unike eli nqaku isithupha esikhulu ukuba awukabikho, rhuma kwisitishi.

Ngoku qho emva kweminyaka emibini, iCopenhagenize.eu ithatha ixesha kwimisebenzi yemihla ngemihla yokucwangcisa, ukuyila kunye nokuhlalutya iziseko zophuhliso zedolophu ukwenza isalathiso sendlela iidolophu ezijikeleze inqaku lehlabathi ngokusekwe kwiiparameter ezahlukeneyo zebhayisekile, 14 kuzo zichanekile. Ngoku sikukukhutshwa kwesihlanu kwesalathiso sabo, kunye nokuphuma okokuqala ngo-2011.

Sasicinga ukuba ngoku kuya kuba lixesha elifanelekileyo lokwazisa kwi-10 entsha. Ngaphambi kokuba siqale nge-10 ephezulu, ndicinga ukuba iBotota kufuneka ikhankanywe kwindawo ye-12. Ngaba siza kubona ukunyuka okumangalisayo kutyalo-mali esixekweni emva kwenyani ka-Egan Bernalat kulo nyaka weTour De France? 'Lo ngumsebenzi weveki evala amakhulukhulu ezitalato zedolophu kwizithuthi, zikhankanyiwe ngokunyuka kwazo okuphezulu ukuya kwi-20 ephezulu.

Injongo yesi sixeko kukuba bonke abahlali babe nomjikelo webhayisekile phakathi kweemitha ezingama-500 kumnyango wabo wangaphambili. IHelsinki ikwindawo ye-10 ngamanqaku angama-59%, ukutsiba okukhulu ukusuka kwindawo ye-18 kunyaka ongaphambili. Ngoku baneebhayisikile ezingamawaka amathathu anesiqingatha kulo lonke isixeko, kwaye iHelsinki izimisele ukuba yeyona dolophu iphambili kwezothutho oluzinzileyo.

Ngenxa yokuba bekhephuka rhoqo ebusika rhoqo, le yinjongo encomekayo. Okwangoku uneekhilomitha ezili-1,300 zendlela yomjikelo kwaye ufuna ukwakha inani elipheleleyo leekhilomitha ezili-160 zomendo ojikelezayo ongaphazanyiswanga. Okwangoku zingama-20 kuphela.

indlela yokuhambisa izinto ngebhayisekile

Kodwa luphawu olucacileyo lweenjongo zabo ngekamva. IVienna ikwindawo yethoba kwaye inyuke ngokukhawuleza ukusukela ngo-2015 nge-60.7% kwisalathiso.

Amanyathelo akutshanje anjenge-hashtag, kutheni ungakhweli ibhayisekile, uncede nyusa ukuthandwa kwebhayisikile esixekweni. Iibhayisikile ezingama-300 zemithwalo zaze zathengwa ngenkxaso-mali yeenkampani zalapha. Iibhayisekile zeCargo kudala zaziwa eVienna njengoko zinokuqeshwa simahla kubahlali abafuna ukuzisebenzisela ukuhambisa okunzima kwaye banokuhanjiswa ngebhayisekile eqhelekileyo.

Zivakala njani iiracks ezingama-5 000 zebhayisekile njengaleyo yakhiwe kwiminyaka emibini edlulileyo? IParis ikwindawo yesibhozo Ukusukela ngo-2011, iParis iye yasokola kancinci xa ithelekiswa namanye amalungu ale klabhu ilishumi ephezulu; ngoku ziindawo ezimbini ezantsi ukusuka kwezona zintandathu zangaphambili. Nangona kunjalo, ziphezulu kakhulu kunesona sikhundla sazo simbi kakhulu se-19. Amanqaku ngeli xesha ngoku yi-61.6%, ebonisa izinto ezimbini ukuba zisebenza kangakanani na ezinye izixeko ekuboneleleni ngebhayisikile, oko kuthetha ukuba nabani na ongaqhubekiyo nokuphuhlisa iziseko zophuhliso, oku kuya kuwa ecaleni kwendlela.

Ikwabonisa ukuba uzibophelela kwinkqubo enye, ungazibuyisa umva ezi ziphumo. IParis okwangoku ineebhayisekile ezingaphezu kwe-14,500 zokuqesha kwinethiwekhi, ezisetyenziswa ngamalungu enkonzo angama-150,000. Kodwa kuninzi ekufuneka kwenziwe.

Okwangoku, ziipesenti ezintlanu kuphela zazo zonke iihambo ezenziwa ngebhayisekile, ekukude kakhulu kwithagethi ekujoliswe kuyo ye-15% yowama-2020, ukugqibela kwabo ukugqiba i-19 kwaye ngeli xesha bakhwele kakhulu ukuya kuma-62.5% kwibhodi yabaphambili okanye kwisalathiso. Kwiinduli, ubusika beedolophu, iOslo yeyona nto iphambili ebonisa ukuba umhlaba kunye nemozulu akufuneki zibe zizizathu zokuphepha iindlela zothutho ezizinzileyo.

Iimoto ziye zavalwa ukusuka edolophini, embindini wekoma iikhilomitha ezintathu zesikwere kude, kunye neendawo zokupaka iimoto ezili-1 000 ezisusiweyo eVienna kukho nenkxaso-mali yokuthenga iibhayisikile zemithwalo kwaye notyalo-mali nalo lwenziwe kwindawo yokupaka iibhayisekile ekhuselekileyo. I-Sykkel Hotell, kuthiwa. Kwaye ukuba ukhathazekile ngokuqhuba ebusika, zingama-400 iibhayisekile ezirentwayo ezisuka kwinkqubo yesabelo eza namavili agcweleyo.

Kwindawo yesithandathu, i-68.8% yamanqaku kwisalathiso aya eBordeaux kwindawo yesithandathu. Ngaphandle kweekhilomitha ezingama-35 kuphela kwiindlela zokujikeleza, i-13% lazo zonke iihambo zenziwa ngebhayisekile.

Kukho iindawo ezithile esixekweni apho izithuthi ngoku zivinjelweyo, eziye zabona ukusetyenziswa kwebhayisikile kwezi ndawo kunyuka ngama-20%. Xa ucinga ukuba iitram kunye nabahambi ngeenyawo basasebenzisa indawo enye, sisibalo esingaqhelekanga. Nangona kunjalo, imizila yeebhayisikile engakumbi, indawo yokupaka kunye neebhayisikile eziqeshisayo ziyafuneka ukuphucula, kodwa ukuza kuthi ga ngoku babambe indawo ezinzileyo kwi-10 ephezulu.

Ibhere yokutshiza ibhayisekile

Okwesihlanu kuhlelo lokuqala, lwesithandathu, lwesithandathu kunye nolwesithandathu kwakhona kwindawo yesihlanu, kwaye indawo enye ingaphantsi kuneyokugqibela eStrasbourg. Kukungena kwethu okokuqala ngaphezulu kwama-70% kwisalathiso. I-16% yabo bonke abahlali ngoku abaya emsebenzini ngebhayisekile, uninzi lweendawo ekuhanjiswa kuzo izithuthi ngoku zisebenzisa ibhayisekile yeempahla endaweni yendlela yemveli yeveni.

Eyona nto kugxilwe kuyo sisixeko kukususa izithuthi nokwazisa ngendawo ekhuselekileyo yabahambi ngeenyawo nabahambi ngebhayisikile ngokufanayo. Kwindawo yesine, kwaye esele inenkqubela phambili, yiAntwerp. I-73.2% kwisalathiso Umkhweli webhayisikile okhwele i-Antwerp Zeehaven Railway, uya kwazi ukuba owona mqobo uphambili kwesi sixeko saseBelgian uqhuba kaloliwe kunye nakwezitramu.

Ngoku phantse zonke iziqhulo ecaleni, ndinenye ngomzuzu, iipesenti ezingama-33 zohambo eAntwerp zenziwa ngebhayisekile. kwaye kumbindi wesixeko ngoku kukho umda oqhelekileyo wesantya seekhilomitha ezingama-30 ngeyure ngezizathu zokhuseleko. I-Antwerp ikwanayo nepaki enkulu yasimahla yaseYurophu phantsi kwetonela likaKennedy.

Oku kukwabizwa ngokuba ngumgaqo we-E17 A14. Yintlekisa leyo. Ke mhlawumbi ayothusi into yokuba bafuna ukukhulula umbindi wedolophu kule jam yokugcwala ngenxa yesiseko esisebenza ngokukhululekileyo sebhayisikile.

Ngoku kwezintathu eziphezulu kwaye isondele phezulu. I-Utrecht ibuyela kwindawo yesithathu, kodwa ukuqaqambisa ukuba zisekude kangakanani ezi zinto zintathu, u-Utrecht ufumana amanqaku angama-88.4% kwisalathiso.

Ndihleli ngaphandle kwedolophu iminyaka ngoku kwaye ndiyayazi le ndawo kakuhle, ke ukubiza iziseko zebhayisekile kwiklasi yehlabathi laseNetherlands yinto yokwenene. Ngokwenyani akunakuba lula ukwenza imisebenzi yemihla ngemihla, imisebenzi yasekhaya kunye nokuhamba kwenziwe ngezinye iindlela. Nangona kunjalo, amaxesha ayatshintsha.

Ukuze uhlale phezulu, kufuneka uye phambili. Izibane zetrafikhi ezimileyo ezimisa ezinye izithuthi zize zijika ziluhlaza kubahambi ngebhayisikile ziya kutshintsha ngokunyanisekileyo ubomi njengoko kucatshangelwa ukuba simahla kwiibhayisikile eNetherlands. Baye bavavanywa kwaye bavavanywa kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo kwaye kulindeleke ukuba zisetyenziswe kakhulu ezixekweni.

Izicwangciso zika-Utrecht ngekamva zijikeleza kupakisho lweebhayisikile, oluya kwenza kube lula ngakumbi kubahlali ukufikelela kumbindi wesixeko kubakhenkethi. Ngaba unokucinga ukuba isikhululo sikaloliwe esiphambili siza kujongeka njani phantse ngeendawo ezingama-33,000 zokupaka iibhayisekile? Phezulu kuluhlu lwethu, kwaye ewe ndiyayazi into endiyithethileyo, iAmsterdam ayikaze iwele kwabathathu abaphezulu kwaye ukuba ukhe wabakhona iyaqondakala ngakumbi, iAmsterdam ijolise kubuchule obusisihlwele sabakhweli beebhayisikile kwaye ngaphandle kwesixeko ngokukhawuleza nangokufanelekileyo suku ngalunye babizwa ngokuba zezona ndlela zintle zebhayisekile, iindlela zasebukhosini. IiMoped kufuneka zithintelwe kwimizila ejikelezayo, eyingxaki enkulu kwiindawo zaseHolland naseBelgium.

IAmsterdam ikwafumana indawo yokupaka ngokufaka endaweni yokupaka iibhayisikile, ukwandisa iindlela zokujikeleza ukunciphisa ukuhamba kwabo bonke abasebenzisi, kunye nokuphucula imiqondiso. Ngaba unokuzityhalela emva kwindawo yokuqala kwixesha elizayo? Phezulu kwoluhlu lwethu yiCopenhagen. Ngama-90.2% kwisalathiso, iCopenhagen yeyesithathu kwiRow, isixeko esilinganiswe kakhulu ngebhayisikile kwihlabathi.

Njani ngamanani-manani eCopenhagen? Iipesenti ezingama-62 zohambo lwabo lokuya esikolweni okanye emsebenzini namhlanje zenziwa ngebhayisekile, nto leyo eyothusayo. Liqela iibhlorho esele zakhiwe okanye ezakhiwayo esixekweni sonke ukunciphisa amaxesha okuhamba nokususa abakhweli zibhayisikile. Ngama-40 ee-euro ngomntu ngamnye achithwa minyaka le kwizibonelelo zebhayisekile, eziqinisekisa ukuba ihlala iyimpawu yazo zonke ezinye izixeko.

Imizila yeebhayisekile ezintlanu enesiqingatha ububanzi yenzela ukusetyenziswa okukhuselekileyo nokukhululekileyo kubo bonke abakhweli beebhayisikile. Ngeliphandle, iCopenhagen iyayazi into abayenzayo. Ke unayo, iCopenhagenize.eutop izixeko ezili-10 ezihamba ngebhayisikile kwihlabathi liphela.

Ngaba unazo naziphi na iingcebiso malunga nezixeko ocinga ukuba kufanelekile? Ngaba uza kuyenza iye kwi-10 ephezulu okanye ephezulu kuma-20 kwixesha elizayo? Ziphose kumagqabantshintshi angezantsi kunye nakwinqaku elingaphezulu lokuhamba ngebhayisikile cofa apha ngezantsi.

Ngubani umkhweli webhayisikile odumileyo?

Kule mihla,ukuhamba ngebhayisikileiseyeyona yezona zininziethandwayoezemidlalo kweli lizwe. Ngokwamanani ahlanganiswe nguIbhayisekile yaseNtaliyaneI-Federation (FCI), iLombardy, iVeneto, kunye neTuscany yayiyeyona mimandla irekhoda elona nani liphezuluukuhamba ngebhayisikileiiklabhu ngo-2020.

Zihlawulwa malini iibhayisekile?

ULance Armstrong, ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo, yenye yezona zininziabakhweli beebhayisikile abadumileyoNgalo lonke ixesha kunye noloyiso lweTour de France, esele isuswe ngenxa yengxabano yeziyobisi ethe yonyusa udumo lwayo.

Umbuzo esiwubuzile kubuhle ngale ntsasa kukuba zingaphi iibhayisekile abanazo? (Umculo weUptempo) Zingaphi iibhayisekile onazo kwaye unazo ekhaya? - Mangaphi amaqela endinawo, akukho, kodwa ndingaphi? unayo ekhaya, ke ndinayo, inye, ndingathi phakathi kweebhayisekile ezintandathu ukuya kwezisibhozo kwihlabathi liphela. - Zingaphi iibhayisikile onazo ekhaya? (Uhleka) - Baninzi kakhulu, mhlawumbi bejikeleza i-10 okanye i-11-Baninzi kakhulu kuba umfazi wam uyandicaphukisa. Kuya kufuneka ndihambise iibhayisikile ukusuka kwikona enye ukuya kwenye, kodwa ewe, ndihlala ndigcina ibhayisekile ukusuka kulo lonke ixesha lonyaka ndibengumlingisi kwaye ewe, ewe, izakubaninzi ngoku - wow, kufanele ukuba Uninzi lweebhayisikile, kodwa ngokubhekisele kwiibhayisikile zeentaba okanye iibhayisekile zegrabile okanye iibhayisekile zebhari, unazo ezininzi? -Ewe ndinebhayisekile yasentabeni, ibhayisekile enqamlezayo, ibhayisekile yokubaleka, ewe, ndikulungele nantoni na - Ewe, loo nto ivakala ngokungathi kukutyhala iibhayisikile kwikona ukuya kwikona.

Oko kuvakala ngokungathi ufuna indawo yokugcina. - (ehleka) Ewe, igumbi elingaphantsi elikhulu, kunjalo. - Zingaphi iibhayisekile onazo xa zizonke? - Oh umntu.

Inye, ngumbuzo onzima lowo. Ngeebhayisikile zokubaleka apha, kugqatso, ekhaya, iibhayisekile ze-cruiser andazi, ezintlanu okanye ezintandathu, kodwa uyazi. Ndicinga ukuba i-equation ihlala iyidibanisa enye.

N ngu bhayisekile owaziyo Ke ngekhe ube neebhayisekile ezaneleyo - (ndinee-giates) ndinaso isigebenga esivela kwi-HTC, ndineScott esivela kwi-HTC, ndinebhayisekile yentaba yaseCanyon ukusukela ngo-2011, i-Omega Pharma-Lotto, ndineeRidleys ezimbini, mna ndinePally, eyenzelwe ngesandla izakhelo ezizodwa ezivela eMelika, ndineVespa (buzzer), ukuba oko kubandakanya ibhayisekile, ndinaso nesithuthuthu (ibhaza) nebhayisekile etyebileyo. Ibhayisekile yam yokuqala, iGT, unxantathu ophindwe kathathu ukuba uyakhumbula. Ewe.

Ewe-Yayiyintoni imodeli? - Kulungile, ngu-o, uthetha ukuba. Ndicinga ukuba yi-GT01. Kudala kakhulu, kufana nonyaka ka-2000.

Hayi 1999.- Ewe, andinazo iibhayisekile ezininzi, kodwa ndineebhayisekile ezinkulu ezisezintabeni.

Ndiyikhwela kakhulu. Ndicinga ukuba sesinye sezizathu zokuba ndiphucule kakhulu ekwehleni. Emva kweTour de Suisse, ndaye ndanemvelaphi embi kwaye ndaye ndagqiba kwelokuba kufuneka ndiphucule izakhono zam ngenxa yoko ndathenga umkhwa ndaza ndaqala ukusebenza kwizakhono zam zokuhamba ngebhayisikile entabeni.

Kwaye ndineCannondale Slate, efana ne-Swiss Army Knife phakathi kweebhayisekile. Ungayikhwela naphi na. - Ewe-ke ezi zibhayisikile zimbini endinazo.

Iibhayisikile ezintathu okanye ezine kuphela. - Inye kuphela into mna. Yiyo leyo. - ibhayisekile enye nje? -Ewe, ndinayo eyam endiyithengileyo ngemali yam -Ngoko ke zizonke iibhayisikile ozifumanayo kwiqela? Ngaphezulu kwe-10 ndiyacinga. (Uhleka) -Ayonto ingako, kuba iibhayisekile zeqela. (Uhleka) Kodwa mhlawumbi iibhayisikile ezintandathu okanye ezisixhenxe ekhaya okwangoku, kubandakanya iibhayisekile zedolophu, iibhayisikile zeentaba, zonke ezo zinto. - eyakho? Ndinezinto ezininzi kakhulu kunezam.

usetyenziso olukhumbuza ukuba utye

Uyazi, iqela lisivumela ukuba sigcine iibhayisikile ezininzi. Kodwa ewe ndinazo. Sisenayo indawo e-Asheville, North Carolina.

Ndicinga phakathi kwam nomfazi wam, mhlawumbi sineebhayisekile ezili-10 okanye ezili-12 phaya, kwaye mhlawumbi ezisithoba ngaphezulu eGirona- zonke iibhayisekile zeqela okanye unayo ibhayisekile yokushicilela? -Ndineendidi zonke zeentlobo, ezinjengebhayisekile enamafutha, ii-E-bikes, iibhayisekile eziwela umnqamlezo, ewe. Iqela leebhayisikile zokubaleka ezahlukeneyo, iibhayisikile zeentaba, ke, ewe, ndingumqokeleli- Ngaba unayo ibhayisekile yokushicilela? - Hayi, andenzi njalo, kodwa ndinayo enye enokuba yibhayisikile yokushicilela. Ndinayo eyam indala, ibhayisekile yam yokuqala, i-BT. - Owu, ipholile- kwaye inokuba buhlungu kancinci ngalo mzuzu, kodwa zingaphi iibhayisikile onazo? Ha! Andifuni kukuxelela ukuba zingaphi iibhayisekile endinazo ekhaya, kuba zimbalwa, kodwa eyona nto ibalulekileyo yivili lerekhodi.

Ndisenayo nangoku. Oko kunye nebhayisikile yam yasentabeni zezona kuphela iibhayisekile endinazo ngokwam. Bonke abanye ngokucacileyo iibhayisikile zeqela kwaye ndinesiqhelo isithuthuthu soqeqesho lwe-TT kunye nebhayisekile yokubaleka.

Kwafuneka uthenge irekhodi lakho ngebhayisekile kuba abakhweli bahlala befumana iibhayisekile zabo ekupheleni konyaka bengayifumani, akunjalo? Ngaba uyayifumana? - Hayi. Ndiyifumene- Inkwenkwe eyonwabileyo- Ewe. Ezi zintathu.

Ndicinga ukuba zintathu okanye zine ezi zenziwe. Enye ithengisiwe. Enye ikomkhulu laseCanyon.

Inye ikweMyuziyam yesimbo seMalvern. Omnye usekhaya nam. -Yenye yezona zinto zaziphoxekile xa ndaguquka ukufumanisa ukuba andikwazi ukugcina zonke iibhayisikile zam ekupheleni konyaka, nangona ndithenge ezimbalwa.

Kuyathakazelisa ukubona ukuba bangaphi abaqhubi kule mihla abahlula ukuba bangaphi abagcinayo kwaye bangaphi. UAdam Yates apho uneebhayisekile ezintathu kuphela egameni lakhe. Kulungile, ukuba ulithandile eli nqaku, nceda usinike isithupha apha ngezantsi.

Kwaye ukuba ufuna ukufumanisa ukuba bangayenza ntoni aba bakhweli beebhayisikile ukuba bebengengobakhweli webhayisikile, cofa nje apha.

Ngubani oyena mkhweli bhayisikile ubalaseleyo wase-Italiya ngalo lonke ixesha?

1. UFausto Coppi (1919 - 1960) Nge-HPI engama-73.19, uFausto Coppi ngoyena ubalaseleyoUmqhubi webhayisikile odumileyo wase-Itali. I-biografi yakhe iguqulelwe kwiilwimi ezahlukeneyo ezingama-49 kwi-wikipedia.

Ngaba ibhayisekile iyathandwa eYurophu?

Ngelixa abantu baseMelika banokuziqhenya ngokukhula kwaboibhayisekileinkcubeko,ukuhamba ngebhayisikilebekusoloko kukuko kuyo yonke indawoEYurophuuluntu amashumi eminyaka. EDenmark, iipesenti ezili-16 zazo zonke iihambo kunye neepesenti ezingama-25 zeehambo ezingaphantsi kweemayile ezi-3 ezenziweibhayisekile.

Kutheni le nto ukusetyenziswa kwebhayisikile kuncipha ngoku ngeentsuku?

Kumazwe ambalwa umlinganiselo weiibhayisekileukuhlausukubyusukungenxa yezithuthi zikawonke-wonke kunye nezinye izinto zabucala. Umzekelo, yenza kube lula ukuhamba indawo ukuya kwenye indawo kuba abantuunakoiingoma kunye nokubukela iividiyo xa useluhambeni kwaye iimoto zisebenzisa ixesha elincinci xa kuthelekiswaibhayisekile.1. Ngo-2018.

Ngubani oyena mntu ucebe bhayisekile ehlabathini?

1. UPeter Sagan 6 ezigidi zeerandi.

Bakhawuleza kangakanani abakhweli beebhayisikile abaziingcali?

Umndililiisantyayeabakhweli beebhayisikile abaziingcalingelixa ucanda kumhlaba othe tyaba yi-25-28 mph. Umndilili ophakathiUmqhubi webhayisikileUhamba malunga ne-17-18 mph ngelixa usicaba.

Benza malini abakhweli beebhayisikile ababhinqileyo?

Kodwa ngoku endleleni, phezuluabasetyhiniareukwenza$ 35,000 ukuya kwi-50,000 yeedola. Kwicala lebhayisekile lentaba, phezuluabasetyhiniareukwenza$ 90,000 ukuya kwi-150,000 yeedola. ' Mncinci, obekhwele ngobuchwephesha ishumi leminyaka, kubandakanya iihambo ezininzi zokuyaAbafaziTour de France kunye nehlabathiUkuhamba ngebhayisikileIintshatsheli, zashiya ezemidlalo emva kwexesha lonyaka ka-2001.

Ngaba ikhona i-Wikimedia Commons enxulumene nabahambi ngebhayisikile base-Itali?

I-Wikimedia Commons ineendaba ezinxulumene nabahambi ngebhayisikile abavela e-Itali. Eli nqanaba linamacandelwana ali-10 alandelayo, kwali-10 lilonke. Eli nqanaba liqulathe eli phepha lilandelayo kuphela. Olu luhlu alunakubonakalisa utshintsho lwamva nje (funda ngakumbi).

Yeyiphi ivenkile yokuqala yebhayisikile e-Itali?

IGambacicli yayiyivenkile yokuqala yase-Italiya ukuthengisa izinto zebhayisikile kwi-intanethi. Ukususela ngo-1999 siye sakhonza amawaka abathengi anelisekile. Funda oko kubhalwa ngabathengi bethu ngathi

Ngubani umqhubi wokuqala webhayisikile wase-Italiya ukuphumelela iTour de France?

Owokuqala kwabathandathu base-Italiya kolu luhlu, iBattaglin yayingumkhweli owenza iVuelta / Giro kabini ngo-1981-ixesha apho iVuelta yayiqhutywa ngo-Epreli kwaye iGiro yaqala kwiintsuku ezintathu kuphela emva kokugqitywa kwe-Grand Grand Tour yaseSpain.

Eminye Imibuzo Kolu Luhlu

Eyona mpompo ibhayisikile ilungileyo - izisombululo kwiingxaki

Ndingayikhetha njani impompo yebhayisikile? Yiya kwimpompo yomgangatho (okanye imodeli yempompo yomgangatho omdaka) ukwenza ukuba iimpompo zakho zikhawuleze kwaye zikhululeke ngakumbi. Uyakwazi ukutyhala umoya ngakumbi kwitayara ngalo lonke ixesha kunempompo yesandla. Ngokubanzi, iimpompo zonyawo ziya kupompa kuxinzelelo oluphezulu kuneempompo zesandla, zichanekile ngakumbi kwaye zifuna umzamo omncinci wokuzisebenzisa.

Izihlalo zaseRoma - izisombululo eziqinisekileyo

Ngaba amaRoma ayesebenzisa isali? Isali yaseRoma yayisesinye seesali zokuqala ezinqatyisiweyo entshona yayiyilo 'lweempondo ezine', eyaqala ukusetyenziswa ngamaRoma kwangoko ngenkulungwane yokuqala ye-BC. Akukho noyilo lwalunezinto ezivusayo.

I-Puerto rico bug bite - isisombululo esisebenzayo

Zeziphi iibugs ezikulumayo ePuerto Rico? Iincukuthu zesanti, ezikwabizwa ngokuba ziintakumba zesanti kunye neempukane zesanti, ziyathanda ukuluma. Ezi zilumko zijika zibe ngamaqhuma acaphukisayo. Ezi zilwanyana zincinci zimhlophe okanye zibomvu zinokungena emva kweeyure emva kokuba ulunywe. Abagxeki abalambileyo bathanda ukuzonwabisa ngegazi lomntu kusasa nangokuhlwa unyaka wonke. 28 сент. 2020 г.

I-Oxalates kumantongomane - isisombululo

Ngawaphi amandongomane asezantsi kwii-oxalates? Xa kuthelekiswa neeamangile, amandongomane afana neecashews, amandongomane, kunye nama-walnuts anamanqanaba asezantsi ee-oxalates malunga nee-milligram ezingama-30 ngeoyunun. I-ounce enye yethanga kunye nembewu kajongilanga iqulethe ngaphantsi kwe-2 milligrams yee-oxalates. 2020 г.

Ikloko yokulala-sisombulula njani

Yintoni iwotshi yomzimba wam? Yintoni iwotshi yomzimba? 'Iwotshi yebhayiloji yomzimba,' okanye umjikelo weeyure ezingama-24 (isingqisho esijikelezayo), unokuchaphazeleka kukukhanya okanye ubumnyama, onokwenza umzimba ucinge ukuba lixesha lokulala okanye lokuvuka. Iiyure ezingama-24 zolawulo lwewotshi yemisebenzi efana nokulala nokuvuka.